LECTURE ARCHIVE

The Denver Society of the Archaeological Institute of America has a long and proud history dating back 112 years. Over the years, we have hosted many famous archaeologists and scholars. While our lecture archive is incomplete at this time, the Denver Society is hard at work identifying resources that will allow us to reconstruct our full slate of lectures from 1903 to the present day. At present, we have November of 2000 through Spring of 2016 and 1908-1917. Please join our mailing list to learn of updates to this list was well as upcoming archaeology lectures from the Denver Society, the Colorado Archaeological Society, the Egyptian Studies Society, and any event between Pueblo and Fort Colllins related to archaeology. Please note: We are still editing this material and as such do apologize for any errors. That being said, this material is lengthy and any help is appreciated, so feel free to use the contact form to inform us of any issues with the text. We will do our utmost to address any received missive as soon as possible.  

2010-2016

2016

January 24, 2016
Erik DeMarche
D.E.P.A.S. (Dickinson Excavation Project and Survey)

Abstract:
All forms of cultural heritage, whether they are mobile or immobile, tangible or intangible are threatened by conflict. This talk examines methods that can be taken to preserve mobile tangible cultural heritage from the deleterious effects of conflict using World War II as a case study.

Bio:
Erik is a field archaeologist and surveyor with experience in Greece, Turkmenistan, and the Americas. He attended Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and University College London in Qatar. His primary interests include Mycenaean archaeology and archaeology endangered by conflict.

Sunday, February 21, 2016
Dennis Murphy
Modern Uses of Ancient Water Technology in Anatolian Turkey

Abstract

The ancient Greek and Roman builders employed a great deal of engineering skill in constructing water systems utilizing aqueducts, pipelines, cisterns and various flow control devices. This study provides an excellent opportunity to look at how ancient water systems can still be utilized in a modern context and see how many of the technical problems faced by the ancient Romans are also experienced by today’s modern engineers.

Anatolian Turkey provides excellent examples of how ancient water technology and existing structures can still be used into the modern era. Modern hydraulic engineers face the same problems of gradient and velocity that the ancient builders experienced. The Elaiussa Sebaste aqueduct brought water down the Lamas River Valley to the coastal plain. Ancient builders experienced engineering problems maintaining the aqueduct in several places either due to centrifugal forces or steep gradients experienced while the channel followed the contour of the valley. Interesting examples of water leaks occurred in the aqueduct in the same challenging areas of the valley as experienced by today’s modern water systems.

In testament to the skill of the ancient engineers, farmers retrace the ancient route of the aqueduct in many places utilizing new concrete conduits or simply repairing the ancient channels and using them for both domestic and agricultural use.

The hinterland included many small settlements and farmsteads which relied upon numerous cisterns to support agricultural activities and daily life. These same structures are still used today for the same purposes as well as being repurposed for new uses such as tourist attractions and special event venues.

In testament to the skill of the ancient engineers, farmers retrace the ancient route of the aqueduct in many places utilizing new concrete conduits or simple cut channels in the ground to irrigate fields and orchards. This aqueduct is a prime example of bringing the old and new together.This paper will look at the construction techniques employed in building these water systems, aqueduct bridges, arch construction, water off take devices and cistern design within the context of their continued use into the modern era.

Bio:

Dennis Murphy is a long time member of the AIA and an avid “avocational archeologist”. He is focused on the study of ancient water systems, primarily in Southern Turkey, and has presented the results of his work at AIA annual meetings and international conferences. He holds a Liberal Arts Degree from the University of Calif. At Long Beach and is an active member of several European Archeological Societies (Frontinus Gesellshaft & Deutsche Wasserhistorische Gesellschaft) through which he publishes the results of his studies. When not researching ancient water systems he is engaged in the aerospace industry and is currently a consultant on the NASA Orion Mars Exploration Spacecraft program.

Sunday, March 20, 2016
Jennifer Campbell
State University of New York at Potsdam

Abstract:

Caravanserai spaces (palatial rest-stops on medieval caravan routes) are of particular interest as places with historic associations and as spaces where historic memory can be actively formed. The detailed recording and analysis of these transit and trade vestiges is the directive of the long-term Caravanserai Networks Project. This research has focused on Mughal period caravanserais (1500-1900 CE) located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab Provinces of Pakistan, examining how these structures were intended to be used during the Mughal rule of South Asia and how they were reused in the periods that followed (Sikh, Afghani, British, and Pakistani). These trajectories of use continue into the present and at each site there is a unique and nuanced life history. Such unfolding histories anchor our relations to these structures today; not just as historic artifacts to some distant and abstract past but as active places of identity maintenance and as heritage and tourist sites; where site management involves balancing expectations toward tourism, education, protection, preservation, and development. This presentation will outline the work completed on sites in northern Pakistan, present the projects expansion into northern India, and consider the contributions of this research to broader international heritage and traditional landscape dialogues.

Bio:

Jennifer Campbell is Assistant Professor with the Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Potsdam. She holds her degrees from the University of Toronto (Ph.D.) and Memorial University of Newfoundland. Her research interests include architectural life histories, trade, complex societies, and cultural heritage. She is currently the Co-Director of the Caravanserai Networks Project in Northern Pakistan and Northern India, and is Director of Architectural Heritage of Upstate New York. Forthcoming publications include “Surveying and Recording Standing Architecture: an Archaeological Approach” for the Journal of Field Archaeology, and “Edging an Empire: The Effect of Edge Proximity on Cores and Peripheries in Mughal South Asia” for the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

2015

February 15, 2015

Dr. Charles M. Musiba

University of Colorado, Denver

Towards a Community Based Conservation and Sustainable Use of Tanzania’s Heritage: The Laetoli Footprints Project

Cultural World Heritage Sites in Africa are increasingly playing a major role in shaping the socioeconomic, stewardship, preservation, conservation, and sustainable use of these sites. Many African countries now recognize that apart from constructing national and socio-cultural identities, cultural World Heritage Sites have the potential to also propel the economic growth for communities surround these sites. If properly managed, these sites have the capacity of not only becoming beacons of peace but they can also become centers of tourism (Ho and McKercher 2004; Mabulla 2000). For many years, the management of cultural heritage sites and the designation of some of them as World Heritage Sites in Africa were based on European ideas of conservation and this disconnected many African local communities from their cultural heritage sites. As a result, local African communities living near cultural heritage sites were not involved in their conservation and management. Discourses on the administration of cultural heritage sites in many African countries, such as Botswana South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, are now making it possible to engage local people in the management of these sites (see for example, Pwiti 1997; Musiba and Mabulla 2003). Part of the strategy of sustainable management of cultural World Heritage Sites in many parts of Africa includes creating opportunities for the local communities to be involved in tourism activities so as to economically empower them and improve their lives. Here I will discuss the planned development of paleoanthropological sites of Laetoli and Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania as examples to show how local communities can benefit from cultural World Heritage Sites.

About Dr. Musiba:

My research focuses on human origins in East Africa with research theme that covers four areas: paleoecology of Laetoli, animal trackways and their paleoecological potentials, and taphonomy. I am interested in research questions that link human evolution with climate change, especially the reconstruction of ancient landscapes using multiple sources of data (from fossil faunal remains to stable isotopes, pollen remains, and animal prints) at the 3.5 million years old Pliocene paleoanthropological Site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania.

The aim of my research work at Laetoli (which currently combines research and field-based teaching) is to explore the question of whether combined paleontological data can successfully be used to tease out ecological interpretations of past landscapes and their impact on human evolution at Laetoli. The scope and focus of my current research is: (1) to continue with field excavation and recovery of fossil faunal remains (including hominin (hominid) and other associated mammalian bones) from Localities 7, 8, and 10; (2) to conduct a systematic study that compares recently discovered Laetoli hominin specimen with well established Australopithecus afarensis specimens from Laetoli and other East African sites from Ethiopia and Kenya in order to establish firmly their taxonomic status; (3) to establish a better geologic (stratigraphic) framework that can be used as a benchmark on Laetoli depositional environments and hominin variability using multiple sources of data; (4) to systematically document the animal trackways and establish snapshots of Laetoli past fauna communities based on animal prints; and (5) to apply multiple analytical methods to identify past ecological changes at Laetoli in the past 3.5 million years ago.

MARCH 8, 2015

Dr. Matthew Johnson

Northwestern University

Understanding Bodiam Castle

Bodiam Castle, built in the 1380s in south-eastern England, is perhaps the most extensively-discussed castle in medieval Europe. It is certainly the most controversial – was it built as defence against the French, or was it an old soldier’s dream house, a fairytale castle set in a symbolic landscape? In this talk, I report on three seasons of archaeological survey at Bodiam. A team from the University of Southampton in the UK and Northwestern University in the USA, working in collaboration with the National Trust, have surveyed the castle fabric, mapped the surrounding landscape, and conducted geophysical survey. Our conclusions are that the academic ‘battle for Bodiam’ has generated more heat than light. I present a new view of the castle, stressing its active role in regional politics and economics, and understanding Bodiam at a series of scales from the smallest action of washing one’s hands in the chapel piscine out to the castle’s place in world history.

Matthew Johnson studied at Cambridge for his PhD and worked at Sheffield and Lampeter before moving to Durham University where he was Professor until 2004. Matthew then moved to the University of Southampton before moving across the Atlantic to become Professor in Anthropology at Northwestern University in 2011. Matthew has published six books, including Behind the Castle Gate, English Houses 1300-1800, Ideas of Landscape, and Archaeological Theory: An Introduction. Matthew’s interests cover the archaeology of England and Europe AD1000-1800, and include castles, houses great and small, landscapes, and theoretical and interdisciplinary approaches. Matthew is conducting fieldwork in south-east England in collaboration with the University of Southampton and the National Trust; in 2013, they will be working at the great medieval houses of Knole and Ightham.

Sunday May 17, 2015

Dr. Chris Beekman: The Original Performance Piece: The Shaft Tomb Figures of Western Mexico

Abstract: Anthropomorphic ceramic figures have been looted from shaft and chamber tombs in western Mexico for well over a century, and literally thousands of them exist today in museum collections, not to mention those in the hands of private collectors. The very small number of examples excavated by archaeologists remains a problem for any serious understanding of their significance. Recently however, there has been increasing evidence that the figures had a use-life before being placed in the tombs. This has major implications for our understanding of their uses, their meaning, and their interpretation as visual culture.

Bio: Dr. Beekman received his B.A. in Anthropology from California State University San Bernardino in 1985, during which time he pursued archaeological fieldwork in California, Ecuador, and Egypt. He pursued graduate studies at Vanderbilt University, working in El Salvador, Guatemala, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Mexico. He received his Ph.D. in 1996 based on fieldwork in the state of Jalisco, western Mexico, where he continues his research into ancient Mesoamerican society. He taught at Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne, University of Louisville, and the University of Michigan before joining the University of Colorado in 2001.
Sunday October 18

Dr. William Fitzhugh
Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Basque Whalers and Southern Inuit

Abstract:

Two hundred years before the great 19th century explosion of Arctic whaling the Spanish Basques were sending scores of ships to hunt whales in Labrador and Newfoundland. Because they never settled, their role in the early history of North America was forgotten until the discovery of the Basque whaling center in Red Bay, Labrador, in the 1970s. This lecture reconstructs the Basque enterprise in North America during the 16-17thcenturies with new information gleaned from the speaker’s archaeological research at Petit Mecatina on the Quebec Lower North Shore. Combining land and underwater archaeology, this research not only helps flesh out a dark chapter of history; it also reveals how Eskimos—the first New World whalers—partnered with Basques and for 200 years kept other Europeans at bay in a period that could be called “The Eskimo Wars.”

Bio:

William Fitzhugh is Director of the Arctic Studies Center and Curator of the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and holds his degrees from Harvard (Ph.D. and M.A.) and Dartmouth (B.A.). Dr. Fitzhugh’s areas of specialization are arctic archaeology, circumpolar cultures, Mongolia, and Vikings (especially in the Western Atlantic). He has done fieldwork in the North Atlantic regions and arctic Russia, and in Mongolia, and has been recognized for his work in exhibits, documentaries, and research.
Sunday, September 20, 2015
Dr. Paul Miller
University of Edinburgh

Abstract

As immortalized in D. H. Lawrence’s Etruscan Places, the Orientalizing (720-580 BC) and Archaic (580-400 BC) tombs of Etruria have compelled amateurs and archaeologists alike to pause and consider the lifestyles and habits of the ancient Etruscans. Alongside the lavish grave goods and monumental architecture of the tombs themselves, the vivacious scenes of Etruscan tomb frescoes have come to symbolize and shape many modern perceptions of the Etruscan culture. Such perceptions of the Etruscans in death have also shaped our scholarly understanding of the Etruscans in life, including how they built their homes, public buildings, and temples. By comparing these other aspects of the Etruscan built environment with their tombs, this presentation highlights the similarities and differences between how the Etruscans portrayed life and how they actually lived it.

Speaker Bio

Paul M. Miller is a recent PhD Archaeology graduate of the University of Edinburgh. He holds a BA in Anthropology from the University of Arizona and an MSc in Mediterranean Archaeology from the University of Edinburgh. In addition to his work in Scottish and Italian pre- and proto-history, he has practiced archaeology throughout the US southwest and the Great Basin. His doctoral thesis examines the interaction between humans and the built environment in Early Iron Age central Italy and the Etruscan civilization. He and his wife, Annahita, currently live in Castle Rock.

Suggested Readings

Izzet, V. 2007. “Domestic architecture: public and private.” In The Archaeology of Etruscan Society, edited by V. Izzet, 143-164. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rapoport, A. 2000. Housing, Theory and Society. Theory and Society 17(4):145-165. Riva, C. 2010. “A long process and a rapid change.”

The Urbanisation of Etruria; Funerary Practices and Social Change, 700-600 BC, edited by C. Riva, 11-38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2014

Sunday, January 19, 2014

Dr. Michelle Koons, Denver Museum of Nature and Science

Water and Power: The Political Dynamics of the Moche of Ancient Peru

This presentation will examine the role of water and irrigation in the sociopolitical organization of the Moche archaeological culture (A.D. 250-900) from the arid north coast of Peru. Moche is recognized by distinct archaeological signatures (exquisitely decorated ceramics, monumental architecture, polychrome murals, metalwork, etc.) found over ten valley systems. I will discuss my research at the previously
unexplored site of Licapa II, a mid-sized ceremonial center in the Chicama Valley and explore how water and politics were integrally entwined in this desert landscape. Excavations, surface collection, and geophysical surveys contributed to understanding the nature of Licapa II and the activities performed there. I compare architectural, ceramic, and radiocarbon data from Licapa II and other Moche centers to better understand Moche sociopolitical dynamics across space and time. I also examine how the marginal location of Licapa II, located over 25 km from the river, would have played a part in defining its political role. Finally, I explore how the engineering and management of the complex irrigation network were vital to Moche organization and how these patterns are similar to patterns recorded in the Colonial era.

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Dr. Katina Lillios, University of Iowa

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Archaeological Institute of America
Joukowsky Lecturer

Dr. Jodi Magness, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The Ancient Synagogue and Village at Huqoq, Israel

Since 2011, Professor Magness has been directing excavations in the Roman-Byzantine village and synagogue of Huqoq in Israel’s Galilee. In June 2012, excavations reached the synagogue’s floor and revealed that it is paved with stunning mosaics. One section, made of tiny stone cubes, depicts female faces flanking a Hebrew or Aramaic inscription referring to rewards for those who perform good deeds. Another section preserves part of a large male figure dressed in a Roman military-style tunic. To the figure’s left are pairs of foxes facing outwards, with their tails tied together and a lighted torch between them. This is a depiction of the episode related in Judges 15:4, in which Samson takes revenge on the Philistines by tying torches to the tails of three hun- dred foxes and releasing them to burn the agricultural fields. In this slide-illustrated lecture, Magness presents an overview of the excavations, including the discoveries from the summer 2013 season.

Sunday, May 4, 2014
Dr. Sarah Nelson, University of Denver

The Gold Crowns of Silla (Korea) and the Tomb of a
Queen

The largest mounded tomb from the Silla kingdom in Korea was found to be that of a queen, who wore a pure gold crown and a golden belt of leadership. These make it clear that she was a ruling queen, but she does not appear in the official list of kings, although some queens do. How can archaeology solve this mystery, without any writing in the tomb?

2013

January 13, 2013

Dr. Payson Sheets, University of Colorado:

What was that Horrible Thing that happened around the World in AD 536?

The few literate cultures in AD 536 recorded intense cold, crop failures, starvation, and deaths. About 75% of the people in a northern Chinese kingdom died. Similar problems were reported around the Mediterranean. Tree rings in North America, Europe, and Asia record 15 years of cold beginning in AD 536. Ice cores in Greenland and in Antarctica record a dramatic increase in sulfur in the same year, indicating a volcanic eruption was the cause and not an asteroid impact. Since 1969 I have been investigating the eruption of Ilopango volcano in El Salvador, at 14° north latitude. I have struggled with radiocarbon dating, but recent improvements and work with colleagues have indicated the eruption must have occurred more recently than the 5th century. It appears the Ilopango eruption is the most likely candidate for the worst worldwide disaster in the past few millennia. With the contributions from multiple disciplines, it appears we are moving toward understanding what happened in AD 536 and afterward.

Sunday, February 17, 2013

Dr. Nicholas Hudson, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

Of Pots and People: Updates from the Field, Tell Timai, Egypt

Over 4,500 kilograms of pottery have been recovered and processed by the University of Hawa’ii at Manoa excavations at Tell Timai in Egypt during the course of two full field seasons. The pottery spans over 1000 years of occupation at ancient Thmuis. It is now possible to begin linking this ceramic history to a history of the people and industries that built the city up from a small suburb of the Pharaonic city of Mendes to a Roman regional capital and an important Early Christian bishopric. This talk presents the highlights of the ceramic finds at Timai, covering the contexts of discovery, historical settings, and the personal histories of the people who inhabited the city. These contexts include evidence of the cities ancient perfume industry, a household’s place on the wrong side of history, the transformation of a residential and industrial area to an open public space, and evidence of a population occupying a fading city in the seventh century AD. The talk is also an exploration of telling grand histories from the smallest and commonest of archaeological artifacts, the pot sherd.

Sunday, March 24, 2013

Dr. Nicholas Rockwell, University of Denver

Uncovering the Lower Classes in Ancient Greek Warfare and Politics

The traditional focus in ancient Greek warfare has been on the heavily-armed infantryman called the hoplite. For roughly three hundred years (c. 650-350 BC), Greek hoplites, arrayed in the compact mass formation known as the phalanx, dominated the way states waged war. However, over time light-armed soldiers such as slingers, archers, javelin-men, and small-shield bearing soldiers called peltasts increasingly made significant contributions to military engagements, bringing about fundamental changes in hoplite warfare. Connected to these military developments were transformations in the political sphere. As light-armed soldiers, generally from the lower classes, came to play a more significant role in war there was a tendency for states to become more democratic, often abolishing property qualifications for political participation and relying on a primary assembly for all major state decisions. This lecture will examine these military and political developments and their broader implications for ancient Greek society.

Sunday, April 28, 2013

Sally J. Cole Ann Axtell Morris: Art in Archaeology of the Southwest and Mesoamerica

Ann Axtell Morris, archaeologist, artist, and author,was the wife of prominent archaeologist, Earl H. Morris, and mother of Colorado State University Professor and archaeologist, Elizabeth A. Morris. Ann
accompanied Earl on major, multi-year expeditions sponsored by the Carnegie Institution during the 1920s and 1930s in the U.S. Southwest and Mexico. During those years, she recorded architecture, rock art, murals, landscapes, and expedition work in watercolor paintings and drawings and pioneered methods of documentation that remain in use today. She painted studies of historic Navajo and sought ethnographic information. Her works provide context for important sites including those of Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Chichen Itzá, Yucatan, and Mesa Verde National Park. The watercolors offer information about ancient use of color in a time of black and white photography. In 1933, Ann wrote two books, Digging in Yucatan and Digging in the Southwest, that have inspired generations to know and be interested in the methods and goals of archaeology, pursue it as a career, and value the challenges in remote places.

Sunday, October 27, 2013

Dr. Lanny Bell, Brown University

The Magic of Art and Writing in Ancient Egypt

Writing literally was an art in ancient Egypt; on the other hand, art was also, strictly speaking, hieroglyphic—in that images were employed not merely as decoration, but as symbols intended to convey ideas. Writing (text) and art (iconography)were intimately related: they were complementary, each explaining, illustrating, or generally elaborating the other. Hieroglyphs are among the symbols used in works of art, and we need to study the grammar and vocabulary of this art to learn to “read” the iconography of scenes as surely as we would read a text. The magical power of representations, as well as the spoken or written word, consisted in the fact that the outer form or appearance of an item determined its true being or reality; and the whole essence or nature of a thing was revealed in its name. They seem to have been particularly interested in the repetition of events, those that conformed to mythological prototypes, as established at the Beginning of Time—these were real. Other occurrences that were random (i.e., unpredictable or unique)—those unusual, distinctive, or specific events with which we are particularly concerned on the 6:00 news or in our morning newspaper—these were unreal and were normally not worth recording or commemorating. The Egyptians saw the course of history against a mythological background dominated by certain fundamental themes; actual events were particular instances of great movements or tendencies. So the victor gets to write the history, and we must be extremely cautious about taking any report or representation too literally.

Monday, October 28, 2013

Dr. Lanny Bell, Brown University

Tutankhamun: The Life and Death of a God King

The Son of the Sun, Tutankhamun (1334-1325 BCE) was a god in his own time; but he was also a mortal on earth. While his monuments and the contents of his tomb tell us a great deal about his divine status, what do they tell us about his life and death—his human side? What did he really look like? Who were his parents? How did he die, and how old was he? Did he have any children? What role did his widow Ankhesenamun attempt to play in the selection of the next king? What was his relationship with his successor, the aged Aye. Why was his tomb equipment so richly provided, including personal gifts donated by important officials and courtiers? Tutankhamun is still a man of mysteries: many uncertainties remain concerning his life and death. Scholars hold very different opinions about him; and many details of their narratives cannot be proven, nor can they be disproven. The new traveling Tutankhamun exhibits present us with an occasion to reexamine some of these issues, even though some of them cannot yet be resolved with complete confidence. Ancient history is built up of probabilities, based on “facts” and their sometimes complex interrelationships. The simplest explanation is often the best, and the most probable hypothesis explains the greatest number of data, with the fewest loose threads, gaps, and inconsistencies. The recent DNA analysis undertaken on the mummies of Tutankhamun and several of his relatives has come under professional criticism, both in terms of historical method and scientific technique. A reconstruction of Tutankhamun’s family relationships is presented here, along with the factors which seem to have determined the line of succession at the end of the 18th Dynasty.

Sunday, November 10, 2013

Dr. Mark D. Mitchell, Paleocultural Research Group

Before Lewis and Clark: The Rise and Fall of the Heart River
Confederacy, A.D. 1400-1750

The villages and towns near the confluence of the Heart and Missouri rivers stood empty when the Corps of Discovery passed by in October 1804. Two hundred years earlier, though, the political and economic alliance uniting these communities had been the hub of a vast commercial network encompassing 1 million square kilometers of the Northern Plains. Heart River traders dealt in marine shell, copper, pottery, chipped stone raw materials, maize, tobacco, and bison hides and meat. Mobile hunter-gatherers living across a broad swath of interior North America travelled regularly to the settlements on the Missouri and Heart region émigrés took up residence in communities scattered across the region. These population movements, in combination with economic intensification, settlement aggregation, warfare, and other social processes occurring within the Heart River region, built the political-economic landscape that European traders encountered when they entered the Northern Plains in the 1700s. Archaeological methods and archaeological data are crucial for tracking the changing fortunes of the Heart River communities, and for understanding the long-term impact their history had on the course of colonial interaction the Northern Plains.

2012

October 28, 2012

Dr. Larry Conyers, University of Denver

Mapping the Ice Age Landscape of Coastal Portugal with Ground-Penetrating Radar: Using Geology,Geophysics and Archaeology to place Ice Age Hunters in their Environment

Reindeer and auroch hunting groups in the Upper Paleolithic of Europe were big-game hunters who survived in a landscape that is very different from today. In coastal Portugal ground-penetrating radar and geological mapping has placed a number of sites ranging in age from 30,000 to 25,0000 years ago in an environment that as dry, cold and populated by herds of large herbivores. Hunting strategies and subsistence methods can be inferred by placing information from standard archaeological methods into this complex ancient world.

November 4, 2012

The Samuel H. Kress Lectureship in Ancient Art

Dr. Nikos Xanthoulis, Academy of Athens and the Greek National Opera:The Sounds of Ancient Greece

The subject of the lecture-concert will be ancient Greek music, dating from 800 B.C. to 400 A.D. The study of this sophisticated art leads us to the roots of western culture: music, melody, chord, tone, rhythm, poetry, are all words with Greek origins. Our knowledge of ancient Greek music has increased dramatically during the last hundred years, through the evidence of archeology and art, the abundance of references to music in Greek literature from the 8th century onwards, books on ancient Greek music theory from 4th c. B.C. to 4th century A.D that survive until through the present, the non-literary documents, the musical scores, and many rediscovered papyri. The lecture will also cover the myths concerning music and musicians, and will include songs performed by reconstructed instruments, ancient lyre, and salpinx (ancient trumpet). The combination of lecture and performance will transport the audience to a world which was the cradle of western civilization.
2011

Sunday, January 16, 2011

Kevin Black

Assistant State Archaeologist

Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation

“Colorado Mountain Archaeology”

Sunday, February 13, 2011

AIA NATIONAL VISITING LECTURER for the Martha Sharp Joukowsky Lecture

Dr. Deborah Carlson

“The Tektas Burnu Shipwreck”

For three summers between 1999 and 2001, underwater excavations off the Aegean coast of Turkey at Tektas Burnu revealed the remains of a small Greek merchant ship that sank between 440 and 425 B.C. or shortly thereafter. Remains of the ship include a pair of marble ophthalmoi – the only eyes ever found in association with an ancient vessel – and the earliest securely dated examples of lead-filled anchor stocks. The vessel was carrying a primary cargo of wine and pine tar contained in more than 200 transport amphoras and smaller quantities of East Greek pottery. The amphora cargo includes jars from Mende, Chios, and the Samian peraia, but the largest portion is represented by previously unattributed type that can now be assigned to Ionian Erythrae.
At the time the Tektas Burnu ship was wrecked in the third quarter of the fifth century B.C., Athens was the leading naval power in the Mediterranean, a position the Athenians achieved through the economic exploitation of allied city-states and heavy-handed control over maritime trade. As the only Classical shipwreck ever to be fully excavated in Aegean waters, the Tektas Burnu ship promises to shed light on local trade networks at a time when Ionia was thought to be mired in an “economic paralysis” brought on by the high cost of Athenian imperialism in the decades following the Ionian Revolt of 499 B.C.

Suggested Bibliography:

Carlson, D.N. 2003. “The Classical Greek Shipwreck at Tektas Burnu, Turkey,” American Journal of Archaeology 107: 581-600.

Sunday, March 27, 2011

Dr. Craig Lee

Metcalf Archaeology and Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research

“Withering Snow and Ice in Your Backyard: A 10,000-year-old Archaeological Record Under Threat by Global Warming in the Mid-Latitude Rocky Mountains”

Sunday, April 17, 2011

Dr. Marc Levine

Assistant Curator at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder

“Teotihuacan Attraction: Examining the demand for Teotihuacan Artifacts in US Museums and Art Market”

October 23, 2011

2011 AIA Norton Lecturer

Dr. Nancy T. de Grummond

Florida State University at Tallahassee

Etruscan Human Sacrifice in Myth and Ritual
The Etruscan were the forerunners of the Romans from 700 B.C. to their assimilation into the Roman Republic in the 1 st century B.C., with a rich and fascinating culture.Scholars have long been reluctant to believe that the Etruscans practiced human sacrifice, and many specific references in written sources and artwork have at one time or another been dismissed as not sufficient for determining if the Etruscans did in fact engage in this practice. Recent excavations in the monumental sacred area on the Pian di Civita at Tarquinia by the University of Milan (directed by M. Bonghi Jovino and G.Bagnasco Gianni) have proven once and for all that human sacrifice was indeed practiced by the Etruscans, through the discovery of a number of burials of infants, children and adults. Some individuals were demonstrably “marginal” in society, as diseased, foreign or of lower social status. One child, an 8-year old, was decapitated and his feet placed at the base of and underneath a wall, evidently as a foundation deposit.A stone altar, a sacred building, and a ritual deposit of symbols of secular power (an axe, a shield and a ceremonial trumpet) were all part of the archaeological context in which the killings took place.

There are many representations in Etruscan mythic art that clearly depict human sacrifice. While the myths may show a kind of surrogate for actual killing, they nevertheless may reflect actual rituals and beliefs associated with such killing. In her lecture,“Etruscan Human Sacrifice in Myth and Ritual,” Professor Nancy T. de Grummond will discuss literary, archaeological and iconographical evidence to be studied anew with an open mind in order to determine real sacrificial practice as opposed to fictional, exaggerated, symbolic, or mythological matter. Nancy T. de Grummond is the Distinguished Research Professor with the Department of Classics at Florida State University in Tallahassee. She received her Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and specializes in Etruscan archaeology,
religion and myth, and Scythian archaeology. Professor de Grummond has been honored for her work and teaching, and is a past holder of the AIA’s Joukowsky Lectureship. Recent publications include The Sanctuary of the Etruscan Artisans at Cetamura del Chianti (2009), Etruscan Myth, Sacred History and Legend (2006), and The Religion of the Etruscans (co-edited and co-authored with Erika Simon, 2006).

2010

Sunday, January 24

“Delving into the Mystery of the Visible, Nearly Visible, and Invisible Records of PaleoEnvironment and PaleoSubsistence at Archaeological Sites”

Linda Scott Cummings, PhD

Understanding the environmental setting in which people have lived is critical to understanding any people. So, too, does our picture of diet color our opinion of people of the past? Both combine to build a picture of the past as “real people” who lived in well-defined time and space.

Sunday, October 3, 2010

Dr. John G. Younger

AIA NATIONAL VISITING LECTURER for the Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Lecture

Professor of Classics and Director of Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies

University of Kansas

“Women in Prehistoric Greece”

This talk presents an overview of what we know (or think we know) about the lives of women in the Minoan-Mycenaean world. From images in fresco, on seals and finger rings, and in pottery, and from information recorded in Linear B, we will examine their production of textiles and cooking pottery, their work-groups, their participation in cult, their administration of sanctuaries, and their coming of age ceremonies. We can say only a little about their sexuality and family life since Aegean art rarely portrays intimacy, sex, or children. Occasionally it is their absence that reveals information; for instance, women are not portrayed on stone relief vessels and they are not depicted playing musical instruments; in both cases, however, we can infer their presence as too powerful to represent.

Sunday, November 14, 2010

Dr. Nicole Branton

Field Office Archaeologist

Arapahoe Roosevelt National Forests and Pawnee National Grassland
USDA Forest Service

“Searching for Lost Towns along the Laramie River”

 

2000-2009

2008

Sunday, April 6th, 2008
Dr. Robert Hohlfelder, University of Colorado:
“Poseidon’s Deepest Secrets: A Shipwreck Survey off Southern Crete, 2007”

Sunday, March 9th, 2008
Dr. Albert Leonard, University of Arizona:
“New Bottles Old Wine”

The Denver Society of the Archaeological Institute of America joins us in presenting Dr. Albert Leonard, from the University of Arizona, Classics and Near Eastern Studies department and also a wine expert with Le Cordon Bleu (London) and the Culinary Institute of America (Napa Valley). Dr. Leonard will offer a lecture entitled “New Bottles — Old Wine.” Wine expert or archaeologist? Dr. Leonard is both, and will weave these two topics into a discussion that is discussion for all. With a background in Mediterranean excavations and the culinary arts, this will surely be a presentation with a new twist!

2007

Sunday, December 16th, 2007
Dr. Payson Sheets, University of Colorado:
“Ancient Maya Villagers, What the volcano preserved in Ceren, El Salvador”

Sunday November 4th, 2007
Dr John K. Papadopoulos, University of California – LA:
“The Art of Antiquity: Piet de Jong and the Athenian Agora”

Dr. John Papadopoulos is a member of the Classics Department at UCLA. His expertise includes extensive work in Greece and southern Italy, as well as at aboriginal and historic sites in Australia. He will present a lecture entitled “The Art of Antiquity: Piet de Jong & the Athenian Agora,” based on his excavations in the heart of Classical Athens.

Tuesday February 20th, 2007
Dr Richard Talbert, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
“Milestones, Itineraries, Sundials: Roman Travel Aids and Their Value”

Wednesday March 14th, 2007
Dr. Cyprian Broodbank, University College, London:
The Making of the Mediterranean : From the Earliest Times until the Iron Age
2006

Sunday October 8th, 2006
Dr. Jonathan Kent, Metropolitan State College of Denver:
“Human and Animal Sacrifice in Northern Peru ”

Sunday November 12th, 2006
Dr Stephen Lekson, University of Colorado:
“Chaco Canyon : An 11th century Pueblo capital”
2005

Tuesday, April 19, 2005

AIA VISITING LECTURER

Prof. Shelley Wachsmann, Nautical Archaeology Program Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M College Station

Some went down to the Sea in Ships (Psalms 107:23): Mediterranean Seafaring in the Bronze Age (3000-1200 B.C.)

2004

Monday, February 23, 2004
Bill Hammond
Prehistoric Denver: In Praise of Hunter-Gatherers

Abstract:

Euroamericans have lived in the Denver area for the past 150 years or so. However, the area was occupied by humans for 11,000 years or more before that. Thus the history of the area is far longer and more complex than most of us usually realize. During the long prehistoric era, the Hogback Valley west of Denver, between the Dakota ridge and the foothills of the Front Range, was by far the most densly inhabited part of the region. During this time the Native American inhabitants were huntr-gatherers rather than agriculturalists (let alone city dwellers). In 1973 the Denver Chapter began an intensive program of archaeological survey and excavation in the Hogback Valley, on the Ken-Caryl Ranch. Dr. Hammond will give an overview and update of the work and a perspective on the hunter-gatherer lifestyle.

Bio:

Dr. Bill Hammond is an Emeritus Professor of Pathology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He has taught and practiced there and at the Denver VA hospital for almost 40 years. He was Chief Medical Officer at the VA from 1979 to 1983, and President of the Faculty at the Medical School in 1984. He has won numerous teaching awards and is an author of over 40 articles in the medical literature. Dr. Hammond joined the Colorado Archaeological Society in 1979, and has been active in its Denver Chapter ever since. He has been President, Treasurer and a member of its Board of Directors. He has been active in its scientific activities since joining the Chapter, primarily its excavations on the Ken-Caryl Ranch. From 1991 to the present he has been co-principal investigator of the Denver Chapter’s excavation at Swallow Site on the Ranch. He is currently working on artifact analysis and writing the report on Swallow Site, and is Vice-President and Program Chairman for the Chapter. He represents the archaeology community on the Board of Directors of the Colorado Historical Society.

Tuesday, March 30, 2004 AIA VISITING LECTURER
Stephen Dyson: Looking at Ancient Pompeii

Abstract:

Pompeii because of the nature of its destruction is often treated as a special, even unique archaeological site. Emphasis is often placed on a limited range of finds made there. However, Pompeii was a very typical medium sized Roman community. Such small towns were the background of the Roman system and their success explains how Rome survived so long.
This lecture will look at Pompeii as a working community. After a short introduction on the history of Pompeii and the history of excavation, I will ‘walk’ the audience through the site in the manner of an ancient Roman, looking at the ways in which the archaeological record provides insight into social, economic and political activity. The lecture will provide both an overview of the site and an understanding of its place in Roman community history.

2003

Monday, September 15, 2003
Carol Patterson: Form Follows Function: The depiction of ancestry, power and ceremony through gesture in Hawaiian Petroglyphs

Abstract:

This presentation examines the gestures, postures and proxemic arrangements of anthropomorphic figures found in Hawaiian petroglyphs and demonstrates the way in which they find parallels the Hawaiian social structure. Sites can be grouped in three categories that are consistent with Hawaiian religious beliefs, class and ranking systems, and family kinship structures. Variations in “style” are more likely to be deliberate forms that functioned in a broader communication system, rather than the result of a stylistic evolution of form.

Monday, October 13, 2003
JOINT LECTURE WITH CAS (Colorado Archaeological Society)
Adrienne Mayor: The Monster of Troy: Fossil Discoveries in Ancient Greece

Tuesday, November 11, 2003
AIA VISITING LECTURER:
John K. Papadopoulos:
Shameless Potters and Ravagers of Kilns: Athenian Pots & Topography

Abstract:

Athenian black- and red-figure pottery of the Archaic and Classical periods have enjoyed a prominent place in the history of 18th through 20th century scholarship in classical archaeology. This lecture goes beyond the pots, the scenes depicted on them, and the changing attitudes towards their interpretation, in order to focus on the makers: the potters themselves. This lecture attempts to understand who they were, how and where they worked. Many clues are offered by the scenes on the pottery itself, and this is supplemented by a re-examination of the archaeological and literary evidence. New discoveries in central Athens, however, including much unpublished material from the American excavations in the Athenian Agora, add significantly to our knowledge, particularly for the location of the Potters’ Quarter (Kerameikos) and the identity of some of the potters, both in terms of their ethnicity and gender. In reviewing this evidence, some radical revisions are suggested for the topography of early Athens.

Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):

J.K. Papadopoulos, Ceramicus Redivivus: The Early Iron Age Potters’ Field in the Area of the Classical Athenian Agora (Hesperia Supplement 31) (Princeton 2003)

J. Camp, The Athenian Agora: Excavations in the Heart of Classical Athens (London 1986)

CV for John Papadopoulos

John K. Papadopoulos (Professor; Doctor)

Department of Classics and the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

University of California, Los Angeles, Fowler A210

Los Angeles, CA 90077

(E-Mail) JKP@humnet.ucla.edu

Education: BA (Honors), MA (Honors), PhD (Archaeology): University of Sydney
Honors and awards: Max Le Petit Memorial Prize for Classical Archaeology (1978); James R. Stewart Prize for Near Eastern Archaeology (1979); Fellow of the Athens Archaeological Society (1992)
Past positions: Deputy Director, Australian Archaeological Institute at Athens (1987-1991)
Assistant Professor, Classical Archaeology, University of Sydney (1991-1993)
Associate Curator of Antiquities, the J. Paul Getty Museum (1994-2001)
Professor, Department of Classics & Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA (2002-present)
Areas of specialization: Classical Archaeology & Aegean Prehistory; Archaeology of Colonialism
Fieldwork: Has excavated widely in Australia (Aboriginal & historic sites), as well as Greece & South Italy. Served as Field Director of the Torone Excavations in northern Greece, as well the geophysical & underwater surveys of the site (1986-1995).
Main publications: Torone I: The Excavations of 1975, 1976, and 1978 (with A. Cambitoglou & O. Tudor Jones) (2001); The Archaeology of Colonialism (co-edited with C.L. Lyons); Ceramicus Redivivus (Hesperia Supplement 31) (2003); Theory & Practice in Mediterranean Archaeology: Old World & New World Perspectives (co-edited with R.M. Leventhal) (2003); The Extramural Sanctuary of Sybaris at Francavilla Marittima Recovered: The Archaic Votive Metal Objects (2003); The Early Iron Age Cemetery at Torone (forthcoming); The Athenian Agora: The Early Iron Age (2 volumes; forthcoming); author of over 50 scholarly articles and some 20 book reviews.

Monday, December 15, 2003

Catherine Gaither: Sacrificial Foundations in Andean Prehistory

Abstract:

This presentation will focus on the behavior of human sacrifice in the Andean region. The practice of child sacrifice among the Inca will be briefly discussed and then the talk will focus on the practice of human sacrifice among the Moche (AD 200 – 800) of the north coast of Peru. Specifically, the sacrifice victims found at the site of Huaca de la Luna will be discussed with regard to the significance this behavior may have had within the Moche culture.

Monday, January 13, 2003
Sarah Nelson
Do Jade and Pigs Create Complex Society? The Hongshan Culture in Northeast China in Perspective
Abstract:

The Hongshan Culture is an anomaly among the early jades cultures (4500-3000 BC) in China. Not only is it the earliest culture of the “Jade Age” in China, but also the Goddess Temple with lifesized statues made of unbaked clay, the finely-carved pendants and other ornaments in the burials, and the ceremonial structures all set Hongshan apart. This talk explores the questions of how it came to be in northeastern China, and what kind of socio-economic structure might have supported these developments.

Monday, February 17, 2003
Andrew Gulliford
Preserving Sacred Indian Landscapes

Bio:

Andrew Gulliford has researched Native American sacred objects and sacred places throughout the West, Alaska, and Hawai’i. A graduate of Colorado College (B.A., M.A.T.) and Bowling Green State University in Ohio (Ph.D.), he is a professor of Southwest Studies and History and Director of the Center of Southwest Studies at Fort Lewis College in Durango, Colorado. Previously he directed the Public History and Historic Preservation Program at Middle Tennessee State University near Nashville. His photographs of American Indian sacred sites have been published in Norenewable Resources (1994), The Secretary of the Interior’s Report to Congress: Federal Archaeological Programs and Activities, 1993 (1993), and Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, Report to Congress and the President, 1993 (1993). His previous books include Boomtown Blues: Colorado Oil Shale, 1885-1985 (1989) and America’s County Schools (1984, 1996), both published by the University Press of Colorado.
Formerly the director of the Western New Mexico University Museum in Silver City, New Mexico, Gulliford curated one of the largest prehistoric Mimbres pottery collections. He has worked with the Ute to document, preserve, and protect the Ute Trail on Colorado’s Western Slope, and he now works with the Eastern Shoshone in Wyoming on museum and preservation planning. For the American Association of Museums he reviews tribal museums and historic sites with Indian collections, and for the Smithsonian Associates program, he has led tours on the Columbia and Snake Rivers in Washington and Oregon and on the Lewis and Clark Trail by canoe and horseback in Montana and Idaho.
He has received a Take Pride in American National Award from the secretary of agriculture for “outstanding contributions to America’s natural and cultural resources”; the National Volunteer Award from the chief of the United States Forest Service; the Second Annual James Marston Fitch Mid-Career Award for Historic Preservation; and the Award of Merit from the American Association for State and Local History.
In summers, he backpacks, hikes, and canoes the West with his wife and two sons.

Monday March 3, 2003
AIA VISITING LECTURER
C. Brian Rose
Recent Greek and Roman Excavations at Troy, Turkey

Abstract:

In 1988 archaeologists from the University of Cincinnati and the University of Tubingen, Germany, began new excavations at Troy with the intent of examining all phases of habitation – from the Bronze Age through the Byzantine period. This lecture presents the results of the most recent Bronze Age, Greek, and Roman excavations at the site. Work has concentrated primarily on the theater, temple of Athena, the Bouleuterion or Council House, and the Sactuary of the Samothracian Gods. The Bronze Age fortifications and Roman houses in the Lower City have also been extensively investigated. Excavation thus far has clarified the rise in the city’s fortunes after Alexander the Great, its reconstruction by Augustus and his Julio-Claudian successors, and the manipulation of its legendary heritage. Also included in the lecture is a discussion of several new monumental tombs recently discovered near Troy, which contain gold jewelry, musical instruments, and painted marble sarcophagi.

Monday, March 8, 2003
JOINT LECTURE WITH CAS (Colorado Archaeological Society)
Steve Lekson: New Thoughts on the Ancient Southwest

Abstract:

Southwestern archaeology is often presented as a statistical correlation of ancient peoples and past climates: sprinkle enough rain on the right soil, and up pop Pueblos. While most of the Southwest is, in fact, a desert, and climatic reconstructions are critical to understanding the past, ancient societies overcame environmental limitations to develop polities and civilizations. It is possible to write an archaeological “history of the ancient Southwest” which goes beyond climate and crops to explore events, catastrophes, rises and falls, war and peace, heroes and villains. This presentation illustrates some of the dramatic incidents in Southwestern prehistory, and links them in a historical narrative.

Monday, April 21, 2003
Larry Conyers
Ground-penetrating Radar for Archaeological Exploration

Tuesday, April 29, 2003
Jo Anne Van Tilburg
Among Stone Giants: The Life of Katherine Routledge and Her Remarkable Expedition to Easter Island

Abstract:

The world’s leading authority on the stone statues of Easter Island, Jo Anne Van Tilburg delivers a thrilling true-life tale of breathtaking adventure and legendary exploration.
Van Tilburg, a distinguished archaeologist in her own right, draws on nearly two decades of experience in the South Pacific, historical archives, and Katherine Routledge’s own previously untapped journals and field notes to give us a fascinating biography of the first female archaeologist to excavated these world-famous monoliths. Written with the full cooperation of the Royal Geographical Society and the British Museum, this fascinating book transports readers to the South Pacific island of Rapa Nui (meaning “land’s end”). There Routledge and her husband, co-leaders of the Mana Expedition of 1913, encountered a population recovering from near-extinction. “Mana” is the Polynesian name for “spiritual power,” and Routledge, a Quaker overcome by the mysticism of the island and later diagnosed with schizophrenia, was deeply drawn to the customs and beliefs of these remarkable people. Routledge’s pioneering work preserved the faith and traditions of this prehistoric isle and laid the groundwork for modern archaeology. “Among Stone Giants” is an awe-inspiring testament to human courage, spirit, and achievement.

Bio:

Dr. Jo Anne Van Tilburg is currently a research associate of the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA, director of UCLA’s Rock Art Archive, director of the Easter Island Statue Project, and Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. She is also a lecturer for the Archaeological Institute of America and the British Museum. The author of three previous books, she lives in Malibu.

2002

Tuesday, September 24, 2002
Steve Cassells
Hunting the High Country: Prehistoric Game Driving in the Colorado Front Range

Tuesday, October 15, 2002
AIA VISITING LECTURER
Michael Vickers
Stones in Venice: recycled marble from Constantinople and Athens

Abstract:

Venice was built on a mud flat in the Lagoon: all the building materials-timber, bricks, stone and marble had to be imported from elsewhere. It is usually impossible to say precisely where the marble comes from beyond identifying the original quarries. Exotic marbles in Venice were rarely newly quarried, however, but were recycled from earlier buildings whose ruins were to be found in the lands of the eastern Mediterranean that the Venetians controlled. Fragments of Proconnesian marble in a and around the basilica of San Marco (notably the lily capitals on the façade, and the so-called Pilastri Acritani) come from the Constantinopolitan church of St Polyeuktos, excavated in the 1960s under the auspices of Dumbarton Oaks. A monument at the Arsenal for Francesco Morosini, under whose command a “chance shot” hit the Parthenon with unfortunate results, probably incorporates reworked fragments of that building. The imagery of the Morosini monument is comparable with that of the Parthenon’s west pediment.

Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):

J. Binder, “The West Pediment of the Parthenon: Poseidon,” Studies Presented to Sterling Dow on his Eightieth Birthday (Durham, NC, 1984) 15-22.

R.M. Harrison, A Temple for Byzantium: the discovery and excavation of Anicia Juliana’s palace-church in Istanbul (Austin, Texas 1989).

C. Renfrew and J. Springer Peacy, “Aegean marble: a petrological study”, Annual of the British School at Athens 63 (1968) 45-66.

M. Vickers, “Wandering stones: Venice, Constantinople and Athens”, in K.-L. Selig and E. Sears (eds.), The Verbal and the Visual: Essays in Honor of William S. Heckscher (New York, Italica Press, 1990), 225-242.
Tuesday, November 19, 2002
Christopher Beekman
From core-periphery networks to local agents-Scales of analysis in West Mexican archaeology

Tuesday, December 10, 2002
Martin C J Miller
The Pagan Origins of Christian Iconography

Monday, January 14, 2002
Astrid Olgivie
Sagas, Sea Ice and Sediments: Climatic Clues from the Viking Age

Tuesday, February 19, 2002
J. McKim Malville: Megaliths, Neolithic Astronomy and Emerging Cultural Complexity in Southern Egypt

Monday March 11, 2002
Doug Bamforth: The Allen site and changing views of Paleoindians on the Plains

Monday March 25, 2002
AIA VISITING LECTURER
Prof. João Zilhão (University of Lisbon)
The Early Upper Paleolithic Burial of the Lagar Velho Child and Implications for Admixture Between Neanderthals and Modern Humans

Monday, May 13, 2002
J. Hoffecker
The Ecology of the Neanderthals and the Transition to Modern Humans: An East European Perspective

2001

Monday, January 8, 2001
Dr. Carol Patterson (MSCD)
On the trail of the Spider Woman

Tuesday, February, 20, 2001
Dr. Paolo Visona (Mamertion Foundation)
The 1998 – 2000 Field Seasons at Contrada Mella

Monday, March 12, 2001
Mark Mitchell (US Forest Service)
Sopris phase Ceramics of southeast Colorado

Tuesday, April 17, 2001
Dr. David Anthony (Hartwick College)
Prehistoric Origins of Indo European Languages

Monday, May 21, 2001
Dr. Jonathan Kent
Herders, Traders and Petroglyphs in the Northern Peruvian Andes

Monday, September 10, 2001
Payson Sheets
Following the Footsteps of the Ancients; Remote Sensing in Costa Rica

Monday, October 15, 2001
AIA VISITING LECTURER

E. Hector Williams
Goddesses, Whores, Vampires, and Gladiators: Excavating Ancient Mytilene (Lesbos)

Monday, November 19, 2001
James Dixon: Archaeological Evidence for the 1st Human Colonization of North America

Tuesday, December 11, 2001
Richard Marlar: Cannibalism in the Four-Corners Region

Question of Cannibalism of the Anasazi

Evidence from the Cowboy Wash Site (5MT10010)

Abstract

The existence of cannibalism is one of the most controversial issues in the archaeology of the American Southwest. Disarticulated, cut-marked, and heat-altered human remains from non-burial contexts at Anasazi archaeological sites in the Four Corners region of the American Southwest have been interpreted by some scholars as evidence of cannibalism. Osteological studies indicate that many of the disarticulated bodies found at these sites were processed in a manner consistent with food preparation. Opponents of this interpretation point out that non-cannibalistic practices such as secondary interment, corpse mutilation, and ritualized witch executions might account for the assemblages. The archaeological and osteological evidence alone do not document the actual ingestion of human flesh. In this talk I will present evidence that consumption of human flesh did occur as demonstrated in preserved human fecal material containing identifiable human tissue remains from a site with archaeological and osteological evidence of cannibalism. Other sites with similar archaeological and osteological characteristics have human tissue on in situ artifacts. Possible explanations of the cause of these incidences of cannibalism will be addressed.

Biography

Richard Marlar is currently a Professor of Pathology, and Biochemistry and Genetics at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Currently his biomedical research work deals with the genetics of blood coagulation and evolution of the blood coagulation system. Richard has been conducting biological and biomedical research for over 30 years. He has over 110 published papers and book chapters and presented both nationally and internationally over 100 lectures in the fields of biochemistry, genetics and clinical blood coagulation.
He is also director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Research Laboratory. This laboratory focuses on the development of new molecular methods to address archaeological questions such as utilization of tools and food sources using both protein residue analysis and molecular biology and DNA methods. He has been conducting biomolecular archaeology research for the last 9 years. He has published a number of papers and project reports in this field. Richard has been involved with the Colorado Archaeological Society for the last 12 years. He was president of the Denver Chapter of CAS for almost two years and president of state CAS in 1998. He is on the Board of Directors of the Colorado Historical Society.

2000

Monday, November 13, 2000
Dr. Monica Visona
Archaeology along the Niger River

Tuesday, December 19, 2000
Dr. Dean Saitta
Archaeology of the Colorado Coalfield War

1908-1917

COMING SOON!

CONTACT

CONTACT THE DENVER SOCIETY

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please send us a short message. We will get back to you as soon as possible.

15 + 2 =

LECTURE ARCHIVE

The Denver Society of the Archaeological Institute of America has a long and proud history dating back 112 years. Over the years, we have hosted many famous archaeologists and scholars. While our lecture archive is incomplete at this time, the Denver Society is hard at work identifying resources that will allow us to reconstruct our full slate of lectures from 1903 to the present day. At present, we have November of 2000 through Spring of 2016 and 1908-1917. Please join our mailing list to learn of updates to this list was well as upcoming archaeology lectures from the Denver Society, the Colorado Archaeological Society, the Egyptian Studies Society, and any event between Pueblo and Fort Colllins related to archaeology. Please note: We are still editing this material and as such do apologize for any errors. That being said, this material is lengthy and any help is appreciated, so feel free to use the contact form to inform us of any issues with the text. We will do our utmost to address any received missive as soon as possible.  

2010-2016

2016

January 24, 2016
Erik DeMarche
D.E.P.A.S. (Dickinson Excavation Project and Survey)

Abstract:
All forms of cultural heritage, whether they are mobile or immobile, tangible or intangible are threatened by conflict. This talk examines methods that can be taken to preserve mobile tangible cultural heritage from the deleterious effects of conflict using World War II as a case study.

Bio:
Erik is a field archaeologist and surveyor with experience in Greece, Turkmenistan, and the Americas. He attended Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and University College London in Qatar. His primary interests include Mycenaean archaeology and archaeology endangered by conflict.

Sunday, February 21, 2016
Dennis Murphy
Modern Uses of Ancient Water Technology in Anatolian Turkey

Abstract

The ancient Greek and Roman builders employed a great deal of engineering skill in constructing water systems utilizing aqueducts, pipelines, cisterns and various flow control devices. This study provides an excellent opportunity to look at how ancient water systems can still be utilized in a modern context and see how many of the technical problems faced by the ancient Romans are also experienced by today’s modern engineers.

Anatolian Turkey provides excellent examples of how ancient water technology and existing structures can still be used into the modern era. Modern hydraulic engineers face the same problems of gradient and velocity that the ancient builders experienced. The Elaiussa Sebaste aqueduct brought water down the Lamas River Valley to the coastal plain. Ancient builders experienced engineering problems maintaining the aqueduct in several places either due to centrifugal forces or steep gradients experienced while the channel followed the contour of the valley. Interesting examples of water leaks occurred in the aqueduct in the same challenging areas of the valley as experienced by today’s modern water systems.

In testament to the skill of the ancient engineers, farmers retrace the ancient route of the aqueduct in many places utilizing new concrete conduits or simply repairing the ancient channels and using them for both domestic and agricultural use.

The hinterland included many small settlements and farmsteads which relied upon numerous cisterns to support agricultural activities and daily life. These same structures are still used today for the same purposes as well as being repurposed for new uses such as tourist attractions and special event venues.

In testament to the skill of the ancient engineers, farmers retrace the ancient route of the aqueduct in many places utilizing new concrete conduits or simple cut channels in the ground to irrigate fields and orchards. This aqueduct is a prime example of bringing the old and new together.This paper will look at the construction techniques employed in building these water systems, aqueduct bridges, arch construction, water off take devices and cistern design within the context of their continued use into the modern era.

Bio:

Dennis Murphy is a long time member of the AIA and an avid “avocational archeologist”. He is focused on the study of ancient water systems, primarily in Southern Turkey, and has presented the results of his work at AIA annual meetings and international conferences. He holds a Liberal Arts Degree from the University of Calif. At Long Beach and is an active member of several European Archeological Societies (Frontinus Gesellshaft & Deutsche Wasserhistorische Gesellschaft) through which he publishes the results of his studies. When not researching ancient water systems he is engaged in the aerospace industry and is currently a consultant on the NASA Orion Mars Exploration Spacecraft program.

Sunday, March 20, 2016
Jennifer Campbell
State University of New York at Potsdam

Abstract:

Caravanserai spaces (palatial rest-stops on medieval caravan routes) are of particular interest as places with historic associations and as spaces where historic memory can be actively formed. The detailed recording and analysis of these transit and trade vestiges is the directive of the long-term Caravanserai Networks Project. This research has focused on Mughal period caravanserais (1500-1900 CE) located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab Provinces of Pakistan, examining how these structures were intended to be used during the Mughal rule of South Asia and how they were reused in the periods that followed (Sikh, Afghani, British, and Pakistani). These trajectories of use continue into the present and at each site there is a unique and nuanced life history. Such unfolding histories anchor our relations to these structures today; not just as historic artifacts to some distant and abstract past but as active places of identity maintenance and as heritage and tourist sites; where site management involves balancing expectations toward tourism, education, protection, preservation, and development. This presentation will outline the work completed on sites in northern Pakistan, present the projects expansion into northern India, and consider the contributions of this research to broader international heritage and traditional landscape dialogues.

Bio:

Jennifer Campbell is Assistant Professor with the Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Potsdam. She holds her degrees from the University of Toronto (Ph.D.) and Memorial University of Newfoundland. Her research interests include architectural life histories, trade, complex societies, and cultural heritage. She is currently the Co-Director of the Caravanserai Networks Project in Northern Pakistan and Northern India, and is Director of Architectural Heritage of Upstate New York. Forthcoming publications include “Surveying and Recording Standing Architecture: an Archaeological Approach” for the Journal of Field Archaeology, and “Edging an Empire: The Effect of Edge Proximity on Cores and Peripheries in Mughal South Asia” for the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

2015

February 15, 2015

Dr. Charles M. Musiba

University of Colorado, Denver

Towards a Community Based Conservation and Sustainable Use of Tanzania’s Heritage: The Laetoli Footprints Project

Cultural World Heritage Sites in Africa are increasingly playing a major role in shaping the socioeconomic, stewardship, preservation, conservation, and sustainable use of these sites. Many African countries now recognize that apart from constructing national and socio-cultural identities, cultural World Heritage Sites have the potential to also propel the economic growth for communities surround these sites. If properly managed, these sites have the capacity of not only becoming beacons of peace but they can also become centers of tourism (Ho and McKercher 2004; Mabulla 2000). For many years, the management of cultural heritage sites and the designation of some of them as World Heritage Sites in Africa were based on European ideas of conservation and this disconnected many African local communities from their cultural heritage sites. As a result, local African communities living near cultural heritage sites were not involved in their conservation and management. Discourses on the administration of cultural heritage sites in many African countries, such as Botswana South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, are now making it possible to engage local people in the management of these sites (see for example, Pwiti 1997; Musiba and Mabulla 2003). Part of the strategy of sustainable management of cultural World Heritage Sites in many parts of Africa includes creating opportunities for the local communities to be involved in tourism activities so as to economically empower them and improve their lives. Here I will discuss the planned development of paleoanthropological sites of Laetoli and Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania as examples to show how local communities can benefit from cultural World Heritage Sites.

About Dr. Musiba:

My research focuses on human origins in East Africa with research theme that covers four areas: paleoecology of Laetoli, animal trackways and their paleoecological potentials, and taphonomy. I am interested in research questions that link human evolution with climate change, especially the reconstruction of ancient landscapes using multiple sources of data (from fossil faunal remains to stable isotopes, pollen remains, and animal prints) at the 3.5 million years old Pliocene paleoanthropological Site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania.

The aim of my research work at Laetoli (which currently combines research and field-based teaching) is to explore the question of whether combined paleontological data can successfully be used to tease out ecological interpretations of past landscapes and their impact on human evolution at Laetoli. The scope and focus of my current research is: (1) to continue with field excavation and recovery of fossil faunal remains (including hominin (hominid) and other associated mammalian bones) from Localities 7, 8, and 10; (2) to conduct a systematic study that compares recently discovered Laetoli hominin specimen with well established Australopithecus afarensis specimens from Laetoli and other East African sites from Ethiopia and Kenya in order to establish firmly their taxonomic status; (3) to establish a better geologic (stratigraphic) framework that can be used as a benchmark on Laetoli depositional environments and hominin variability using multiple sources of data; (4) to systematically document the animal trackways and establish snapshots of Laetoli past fauna communities based on animal prints; and (5) to apply multiple analytical methods to identify past ecological changes at Laetoli in the past 3.5 million years ago.

MARCH 8, 2015

Dr. Matthew Johnson

Northwestern University

Understanding Bodiam Castle

Bodiam Castle, built in the 1380s in south-eastern England, is perhaps the most extensively-discussed castle in medieval Europe. It is certainly the most controversial – was it built as defence against the French, or was it an old soldier’s dream house, a fairytale castle set in a symbolic landscape? In this talk, I report on three seasons of archaeological survey at Bodiam. A team from the University of Southampton in the UK and Northwestern University in the USA, working in collaboration with the National Trust, have surveyed the castle fabric, mapped the surrounding landscape, and conducted geophysical survey. Our conclusions are that the academic ‘battle for Bodiam’ has generated more heat than light. I present a new view of the castle, stressing its active role in regional politics and economics, and understanding Bodiam at a series of scales from the smallest action of washing one’s hands in the chapel piscine out to the castle’s place in world history.

Matthew Johnson studied at Cambridge for his PhD and worked at Sheffield and Lampeter before moving to Durham University where he was Professor until 2004. Matthew then moved to the University of Southampton before moving across the Atlantic to become Professor in Anthropology at Northwestern University in 2011. Matthew has published six books, including Behind the Castle Gate, English Houses 1300-1800, Ideas of Landscape, and Archaeological Theory: An Introduction. Matthew’s interests cover the archaeology of England and Europe AD1000-1800, and include castles, houses great and small, landscapes, and theoretical and interdisciplinary approaches. Matthew is conducting fieldwork in south-east England in collaboration with the University of Southampton and the National Trust; in 2013, they will be working at the great medieval houses of Knole and Ightham.

Sunday May 17, 2015

Dr. Chris Beekman: The Original Performance Piece: The Shaft Tomb Figures of Western Mexico

Abstract: Anthropomorphic ceramic figures have been looted from shaft and chamber tombs in western Mexico for well over a century, and literally thousands of them exist today in museum collections, not to mention those in the hands of private collectors. The very small number of examples excavated by archaeologists remains a problem for any serious understanding of their significance. Recently however, there has been increasing evidence that the figures had a use-life before being placed in the tombs. This has major implications for our understanding of their uses, their meaning, and their interpretation as visual culture.

Bio: Dr. Beekman received his B.A. in Anthropology from California State University San Bernardino in 1985, during which time he pursued archaeological fieldwork in California, Ecuador, and Egypt. He pursued graduate studies at Vanderbilt University, working in El Salvador, Guatemala, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Mexico. He received his Ph.D. in 1996 based on fieldwork in the state of Jalisco, western Mexico, where he continues his research into ancient Mesoamerican society. He taught at Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne, University of Louisville, and the University of Michigan before joining the University of Colorado in 2001.
Sunday October 18

Dr. William Fitzhugh
Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Basque Whalers and Southern Inuit

Abstract:

Two hundred years before the great 19th century explosion of Arctic whaling the Spanish Basques were sending scores of ships to hunt whales in Labrador and Newfoundland. Because they never settled, their role in the early history of North America was forgotten until the discovery of the Basque whaling center in Red Bay, Labrador, in the 1970s. This lecture reconstructs the Basque enterprise in North America during the 16-17thcenturies with new information gleaned from the speaker’s archaeological research at Petit Mecatina on the Quebec Lower North Shore. Combining land and underwater archaeology, this research not only helps flesh out a dark chapter of history; it also reveals how Eskimos—the first New World whalers—partnered with Basques and for 200 years kept other Europeans at bay in a period that could be called “The Eskimo Wars.”

Bio:

William Fitzhugh is Director of the Arctic Studies Center and Curator of the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and holds his degrees from Harvard (Ph.D. and M.A.) and Dartmouth (B.A.). Dr. Fitzhugh’s areas of specialization are arctic archaeology, circumpolar cultures, Mongolia, and Vikings (especially in the Western Atlantic). He has done fieldwork in the North Atlantic regions and arctic Russia, and in Mongolia, and has been recognized for his work in exhibits, documentaries, and research.
Sunday, September 20, 2015
Dr. Paul Miller
University of Edinburgh

Abstract

As immortalized in D. H. Lawrence’s Etruscan Places, the Orientalizing (720-580 BC) and Archaic (580-400 BC) tombs of Etruria have compelled amateurs and archaeologists alike to pause and consider the lifestyles and habits of the ancient Etruscans. Alongside the lavish grave goods and monumental architecture of the tombs themselves, the vivacious scenes of Etruscan tomb frescoes have come to symbolize and shape many modern perceptions of the Etruscan culture. Such perceptions of the Etruscans in death have also shaped our scholarly understanding of the Etruscans in life, including how they built their homes, public buildings, and temples. By comparing these other aspects of the Etruscan built environment with their tombs, this presentation highlights the similarities and differences between how the Etruscans portrayed life and how they actually lived it.

Speaker Bio

Paul M. Miller is a recent PhD Archaeology graduate of the University of Edinburgh. He holds a BA in Anthropology from the University of Arizona and an MSc in Mediterranean Archaeology from the University of Edinburgh. In addition to his work in Scottish and Italian pre- and proto-history, he has practiced archaeology throughout the US southwest and the Great Basin. His doctoral thesis examines the interaction between humans and the built environment in Early Iron Age central Italy and the Etruscan civilization. He and his wife, Annahita, currently live in Castle Rock.

Suggested Readings

Izzet, V. 2007. “Domestic architecture: public and private.” In The Archaeology of Etruscan Society, edited by V. Izzet, 143-164. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rapoport, A. 2000. Housing, Theory and Society. Theory and Society 17(4):145-165. Riva, C. 2010. “A long process and a rapid change.”

The Urbanisation of Etruria; Funerary Practices and Social Change, 700-600 BC, edited by C. Riva, 11-38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2014

Sunday, January 19, 2014

Dr. Michelle Koons, Denver Museum of Nature and Science

Water and Power: The Political Dynamics of the Moche of Ancient Peru

This presentation will examine the role of water and irrigation in the sociopolitical organization of the Moche archaeological culture (A.D. 250-900) from the arid north coast of Peru. Moche is recognized by distinct archaeological signatures (exquisitely decorated ceramics, monumental architecture, polychrome murals, metalwork, etc.) found over ten valley systems. I will discuss my research at the previously
unexplored site of Licapa II, a mid-sized ceremonial center in the Chicama Valley and explore how water and politics were integrally entwined in this desert landscape. Excavations, surface collection, and geophysical surveys contributed to understanding the nature of Licapa II and the activities performed there. I compare architectural, ceramic, and radiocarbon data from Licapa II and other Moche centers to better understand Moche sociopolitical dynamics across space and time. I also examine how the marginal location of Licapa II, located over 25 km from the river, would have played a part in defining its political role. Finally, I explore how the engineering and management of the complex irrigation network were vital to Moche organization and how these patterns are similar to patterns recorded in the Colonial era.

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Dr. Katina Lillios, University of Iowa

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Archaeological Institute of America
Joukowsky Lecturer

Dr. Jodi Magness, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The Ancient Synagogue and Village at Huqoq, Israel

Since 2011, Professor Magness has been directing excavations in the Roman-Byzantine village and synagogue of Huqoq in Israel’s Galilee. In June 2012, excavations reached the synagogue’s floor and revealed that it is paved with stunning mosaics. One section, made of tiny stone cubes, depicts female faces flanking a Hebrew or Aramaic inscription referring to rewards for those who perform good deeds. Another section preserves part of a large male figure dressed in a Roman military-style tunic. To the figure’s left are pairs of foxes facing outwards, with their tails tied together and a lighted torch between them. This is a depiction of the episode related in Judges 15:4, in which Samson takes revenge on the Philistines by tying torches to the tails of three hun- dred foxes and releasing them to burn the agricultural fields. In this slide-illustrated lecture, Magness presents an overview of the excavations, including the discoveries from the summer 2013 season.

Sunday, May 4, 2014
Dr. Sarah Nelson, University of Denver

The Gold Crowns of Silla (Korea) and the Tomb of a
Queen

The largest mounded tomb from the Silla kingdom in Korea was found to be that of a queen, who wore a pure gold crown and a golden belt of leadership. These make it clear that she was a ruling queen, but she does not appear in the official list of kings, although some queens do. How can archaeology solve this mystery, without any writing in the tomb?

2013

January 13, 2013

Dr. Payson Sheets, University of Colorado:

What was that Horrible Thing that happened around the World in AD 536?

The few literate cultures in AD 536 recorded intense cold, crop failures, starvation, and deaths. About 75% of the people in a northern Chinese kingdom died. Similar problems were reported around the Mediterranean. Tree rings in North America, Europe, and Asia record 15 years of cold beginning in AD 536. Ice cores in Greenland and in Antarctica record a dramatic increase in sulfur in the same year, indicating a volcanic eruption was the cause and not an asteroid impact. Since 1969 I have been investigating the eruption of Ilopango volcano in El Salvador, at 14° north latitude. I have struggled with radiocarbon dating, but recent improvements and work with colleagues have indicated the eruption must have occurred more recently than the 5th century. It appears the Ilopango eruption is the most likely candidate for the worst worldwide disaster in the past few millennia. With the contributions from multiple disciplines, it appears we are moving toward understanding what happened in AD 536 and afterward.

Sunday, February 17, 2013

Dr. Nicholas Hudson, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

Of Pots and People: Updates from the Field, Tell Timai, Egypt

Over 4,500 kilograms of pottery have been recovered and processed by the University of Hawa’ii at Manoa excavations at Tell Timai in Egypt during the course of two full field seasons. The pottery spans over 1000 years of occupation at ancient Thmuis. It is now possible to begin linking this ceramic history to a history of the people and industries that built the city up from a small suburb of the Pharaonic city of Mendes to a Roman regional capital and an important Early Christian bishopric. This talk presents the highlights of the ceramic finds at Timai, covering the contexts of discovery, historical settings, and the personal histories of the people who inhabited the city. These contexts include evidence of the cities ancient perfume industry, a household’s place on the wrong side of history, the transformation of a residential and industrial area to an open public space, and evidence of a population occupying a fading city in the seventh century AD. The talk is also an exploration of telling grand histories from the smallest and commonest of archaeological artifacts, the pot sherd.

Sunday, March 24, 2013

Dr. Nicholas Rockwell, University of Denver

Uncovering the Lower Classes in Ancient Greek Warfare and Politics

The traditional focus in ancient Greek warfare has been on the heavily-armed infantryman called the hoplite. For roughly three hundred years (c. 650-350 BC), Greek hoplites, arrayed in the compact mass formation known as the phalanx, dominated the way states waged war. However, over time light-armed soldiers such as slingers, archers, javelin-men, and small-shield bearing soldiers called peltasts increasingly made significant contributions to military engagements, bringing about fundamental changes in hoplite warfare. Connected to these military developments were transformations in the political sphere. As light-armed soldiers, generally from the lower classes, came to play a more significant role in war there was a tendency for states to become more democratic, often abolishing property qualifications for political participation and relying on a primary assembly for all major state decisions. This lecture will examine these military and political developments and their broader implications for ancient Greek society.

Sunday, April 28, 2013

Sally J. Cole Ann Axtell Morris: Art in Archaeology of the Southwest and Mesoamerica

Ann Axtell Morris, archaeologist, artist, and author,was the wife of prominent archaeologist, Earl H. Morris, and mother of Colorado State University Professor and archaeologist, Elizabeth A. Morris. Ann
accompanied Earl on major, multi-year expeditions sponsored by the Carnegie Institution during the 1920s and 1930s in the U.S. Southwest and Mexico. During those years, she recorded architecture, rock art, murals, landscapes, and expedition work in watercolor paintings and drawings and pioneered methods of documentation that remain in use today. She painted studies of historic Navajo and sought ethnographic information. Her works provide context for important sites including those of Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Chichen Itzá, Yucatan, and Mesa Verde National Park. The watercolors offer information about ancient use of color in a time of black and white photography. In 1933, Ann wrote two books, Digging in Yucatan and Digging in the Southwest, that have inspired generations to know and be interested in the methods and goals of archaeology, pursue it as a career, and value the challenges in remote places.

Sunday, October 27, 2013

Dr. Lanny Bell, Brown University

The Magic of Art and Writing in Ancient Egypt

Writing literally was an art in ancient Egypt; on the other hand, art was also, strictly speaking, hieroglyphic—in that images were employed not merely as decoration, but as symbols intended to convey ideas. Writing (text) and art (iconography)were intimately related: they were complementary, each explaining, illustrating, or generally elaborating the other. Hieroglyphs are among the symbols used in works of art, and we need to study the grammar and vocabulary of this art to learn to “read” the iconography of scenes as surely as we would read a text. The magical power of representations, as well as the spoken or written word, consisted in the fact that the outer form or appearance of an item determined its true being or reality; and the whole essence or nature of a thing was revealed in its name. They seem to have been particularly interested in the repetition of events, those that conformed to mythological prototypes, as established at the Beginning of Time—these were real. Other occurrences that were random (i.e., unpredictable or unique)—those unusual, distinctive, or specific events with which we are particularly concerned on the 6:00 news or in our morning newspaper—these were unreal and were normally not worth recording or commemorating. The Egyptians saw the course of history against a mythological background dominated by certain fundamental themes; actual events were particular instances of great movements or tendencies. So the victor gets to write the history, and we must be extremely cautious about taking any report or representation too literally.

Monday, October 28, 2013

Dr. Lanny Bell, Brown University

Tutankhamun: The Life and Death of a God King

The Son of the Sun, Tutankhamun (1334-1325 BCE) was a god in his own time; but he was also a mortal on earth. While his monuments and the contents of his tomb tell us a great deal about his divine status, what do they tell us about his life and death—his human side? What did he really look like? Who were his parents? How did he die, and how old was he? Did he have any children? What role did his widow Ankhesenamun attempt to play in the selection of the next king? What was his relationship with his successor, the aged Aye. Why was his tomb equipment so richly provided, including personal gifts donated by important officials and courtiers? Tutankhamun is still a man of mysteries: many uncertainties remain concerning his life and death. Scholars hold very different opinions about him; and many details of their narratives cannot be proven, nor can they be disproven. The new traveling Tutankhamun exhibits present us with an occasion to reexamine some of these issues, even though some of them cannot yet be resolved with complete confidence. Ancient history is built up of probabilities, based on “facts” and their sometimes complex interrelationships. The simplest explanation is often the best, and the most probable hypothesis explains the greatest number of data, with the fewest loose threads, gaps, and inconsistencies. The recent DNA analysis undertaken on the mummies of Tutankhamun and several of his relatives has come under professional criticism, both in terms of historical method and scientific technique. A reconstruction of Tutankhamun’s family relationships is presented here, along with the factors which seem to have determined the line of succession at the end of the 18th Dynasty.

Sunday, November 10, 2013

Dr. Mark D. Mitchell, Paleocultural Research Group

Before Lewis and Clark: The Rise and Fall of the Heart River
Confederacy, A.D. 1400-1750

The villages and towns near the confluence of the Heart and Missouri rivers stood empty when the Corps of Discovery passed by in October 1804. Two hundred years earlier, though, the political and economic alliance uniting these communities had been the hub of a vast commercial network encompassing 1 million square kilometers of the Northern Plains. Heart River traders dealt in marine shell, copper, pottery, chipped stone raw materials, maize, tobacco, and bison hides and meat. Mobile hunter-gatherers living across a broad swath of interior North America travelled regularly to the settlements on the Missouri and Heart region émigrés took up residence in communities scattered across the region. These population movements, in combination with economic intensification, settlement aggregation, warfare, and other social processes occurring within the Heart River region, built the political-economic landscape that European traders encountered when they entered the Northern Plains in the 1700s. Archaeological methods and archaeological data are crucial for tracking the changing fortunes of the Heart River communities, and for understanding the long-term impact their history had on the course of colonial interaction the Northern Plains.

2012

October 28, 2012

Dr. Larry Conyers, University of Denver

Mapping the Ice Age Landscape of Coastal Portugal with Ground-Penetrating Radar: Using Geology,Geophysics and Archaeology to place Ice Age Hunters in their Environment

Reindeer and auroch hunting groups in the Upper Paleolithic of Europe were big-game hunters who survived in a landscape that is very different from today. In coastal Portugal ground-penetrating radar and geological mapping has placed a number of sites ranging in age from 30,000 to 25,0000 years ago in an environment that as dry, cold and populated by herds of large herbivores. Hunting strategies and subsistence methods can be inferred by placing information from standard archaeological methods into this complex ancient world.

November 4, 2012

The Samuel H. Kress Lectureship in Ancient Art

Dr. Nikos Xanthoulis, Academy of Athens and the Greek National Opera:The Sounds of Ancient Greece

The subject of the lecture-concert will be ancient Greek music, dating from 800 B.C. to 400 A.D. The study of this sophisticated art leads us to the roots of western culture: music, melody, chord, tone, rhythm, poetry, are all words with Greek origins. Our knowledge of ancient Greek music has increased dramatically during the last hundred years, through the evidence of archeology and art, the abundance of references to music in Greek literature from the 8th century onwards, books on ancient Greek music theory from 4th c. B.C. to 4th century A.D that survive until through the present, the non-literary documents, the musical scores, and many rediscovered papyri. The lecture will also cover the myths concerning music and musicians, and will include songs performed by reconstructed instruments, ancient lyre, and salpinx (ancient trumpet). The combination of lecture and performance will transport the audience to a world which was the cradle of western civilization.
2011

Sunday, January 16, 2011

Kevin Black

Assistant State Archaeologist

Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation

“Colorado Mountain Archaeology”

Sunday, February 13, 2011

AIA NATIONAL VISITING LECTURER for the Martha Sharp Joukowsky Lecture

Dr. Deborah Carlson

“The Tektas Burnu Shipwreck”

For three summers between 1999 and 2001, underwater excavations off the Aegean coast of Turkey at Tektas Burnu revealed the remains of a small Greek merchant ship that sank between 440 and 425 B.C. or shortly thereafter. Remains of the ship include a pair of marble ophthalmoi – the only eyes ever found in association with an ancient vessel – and the earliest securely dated examples of lead-filled anchor stocks. The vessel was carrying a primary cargo of wine and pine tar contained in more than 200 transport amphoras and smaller quantities of East Greek pottery. The amphora cargo includes jars from Mende, Chios, and the Samian peraia, but the largest portion is represented by previously unattributed type that can now be assigned to Ionian Erythrae.
At the time the Tektas Burnu ship was wrecked in the third quarter of the fifth century B.C., Athens was the leading naval power in the Mediterranean, a position the Athenians achieved through the economic exploitation of allied city-states and heavy-handed control over maritime trade. As the only Classical shipwreck ever to be fully excavated in Aegean waters, the Tektas Burnu ship promises to shed light on local trade networks at a time when Ionia was thought to be mired in an “economic paralysis” brought on by the high cost of Athenian imperialism in the decades following the Ionian Revolt of 499 B.C.

Suggested Bibliography:

Carlson, D.N. 2003. “The Classical Greek Shipwreck at Tektas Burnu, Turkey,” American Journal of Archaeology 107: 581-600.

Sunday, March 27, 2011

Dr. Craig Lee

Metcalf Archaeology and Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research

“Withering Snow and Ice in Your Backyard: A 10,000-year-old Archaeological Record Under Threat by Global Warming in the Mid-Latitude Rocky Mountains”

Sunday, April 17, 2011

Dr. Marc Levine

Assistant Curator at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder

“Teotihuacan Attraction: Examining the demand for Teotihuacan Artifacts in US Museums and Art Market”

October 23, 2011

2011 AIA Norton Lecturer

Dr. Nancy T. de Grummond

Florida State University at Tallahassee

Etruscan Human Sacrifice in Myth and Ritual
The Etruscan were the forerunners of the Romans from 700 B.C. to their assimilation into the Roman Republic in the 1 st century B.C., with a rich and fascinating culture.Scholars have long been reluctant to believe that the Etruscans practiced human sacrifice, and many specific references in written sources and artwork have at one time or another been dismissed as not sufficient for determining if the Etruscans did in fact engage in this practice. Recent excavations in the monumental sacred area on the Pian di Civita at Tarquinia by the University of Milan (directed by M. Bonghi Jovino and G.Bagnasco Gianni) have proven once and for all that human sacrifice was indeed practiced by the Etruscans, through the discovery of a number of burials of infants, children and adults. Some individuals were demonstrably “marginal” in society, as diseased, foreign or of lower social status. One child, an 8-year old, was decapitated and his feet placed at the base of and underneath a wall, evidently as a foundation deposit.A stone altar, a sacred building, and a ritual deposit of symbols of secular power (an axe, a shield and a ceremonial trumpet) were all part of the archaeological context in which the killings took place.

There are many representations in Etruscan mythic art that clearly depict human sacrifice. While the myths may show a kind of surrogate for actual killing, they nevertheless may reflect actual rituals and beliefs associated with such killing. In her lecture,“Etruscan Human Sacrifice in Myth and Ritual,” Professor Nancy T. de Grummond will discuss literary, archaeological and iconographical evidence to be studied anew with an open mind in order to determine real sacrificial practice as opposed to fictional, exaggerated, symbolic, or mythological matter. Nancy T. de Grummond is the Distinguished Research Professor with the Department of Classics at Florida State University in Tallahassee. She received her Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and specializes in Etruscan archaeology,
religion and myth, and Scythian archaeology. Professor de Grummond has been honored for her work and teaching, and is a past holder of the AIA’s Joukowsky Lectureship. Recent publications include The Sanctuary of the Etruscan Artisans at Cetamura del Chianti (2009), Etruscan Myth, Sacred History and Legend (2006), and The Religion of the Etruscans (co-edited and co-authored with Erika Simon, 2006).

2010

Sunday, January 24

“Delving into the Mystery of the Visible, Nearly Visible, and Invisible Records of PaleoEnvironment and PaleoSubsistence at Archaeological Sites”

Linda Scott Cummings, PhD

Understanding the environmental setting in which people have lived is critical to understanding any people. So, too, does our picture of diet color our opinion of people of the past? Both combine to build a picture of the past as “real people” who lived in well-defined time and space.

Sunday, October 3, 2010

Dr. John G. Younger

AIA NATIONAL VISITING LECTURER for the Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Lecture

Professor of Classics and Director of Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies

University of Kansas

“Women in Prehistoric Greece”

This talk presents an overview of what we know (or think we know) about the lives of women in the Minoan-Mycenaean world. From images in fresco, on seals and finger rings, and in pottery, and from information recorded in Linear B, we will examine their production of textiles and cooking pottery, their work-groups, their participation in cult, their administration of sanctuaries, and their coming of age ceremonies. We can say only a little about their sexuality and family life since Aegean art rarely portrays intimacy, sex, or children. Occasionally it is their absence that reveals information; for instance, women are not portrayed on stone relief vessels and they are not depicted playing musical instruments; in both cases, however, we can infer their presence as too powerful to represent.

Sunday, November 14, 2010

Dr. Nicole Branton

Field Office Archaeologist

Arapahoe Roosevelt National Forests and Pawnee National Grassland
USDA Forest Service

“Searching for Lost Towns along the Laramie River”

 

2000-2009

2008

Sunday, April 6th, 2008
Dr. Robert Hohlfelder, University of Colorado:
“Poseidon’s Deepest Secrets: A Shipwreck Survey off Southern Crete, 2007”

Sunday, March 9th, 2008
Dr. Albert Leonard, University of Arizona:
“New Bottles Old Wine”

The Denver Society of the Archaeological Institute of America joins us in presenting Dr. Albert Leonard, from the University of Arizona, Classics and Near Eastern Studies department and also a wine expert with Le Cordon Bleu (London) and the Culinary Institute of America (Napa Valley). Dr. Leonard will offer a lecture entitled “New Bottles — Old Wine.” Wine expert or archaeologist? Dr. Leonard is both, and will weave these two topics into a discussion that is discussion for all. With a background in Mediterranean excavations and the culinary arts, this will surely be a presentation with a new twist!

2007

Sunday, December 16th, 2007
Dr. Payson Sheets, University of Colorado:
“Ancient Maya Villagers, What the volcano preserved in Ceren, El Salvador”

Sunday November 4th, 2007
Dr John K. Papadopoulos, University of California – LA:
“The Art of Antiquity: Piet de Jong and the Athenian Agora”

Dr. John Papadopoulos is a member of the Classics Department at UCLA. His expertise includes extensive work in Greece and southern Italy, as well as at aboriginal and historic sites in Australia. He will present a lecture entitled “The Art of Antiquity: Piet de Jong & the Athenian Agora,” based on his excavations in the heart of Classical Athens.

Tuesday February 20th, 2007
Dr Richard Talbert, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
“Milestones, Itineraries, Sundials: Roman Travel Aids and Their Value”

Wednesday March 14th, 2007
Dr. Cyprian Broodbank, University College, London:
The Making of the Mediterranean : From the Earliest Times until the Iron Age
2006

Sunday October 8th, 2006
Dr. Jonathan Kent, Metropolitan State College of Denver:
“Human and Animal Sacrifice in Northern Peru ”

Sunday November 12th, 2006
Dr Stephen Lekson, University of Colorado:
“Chaco Canyon : An 11th century Pueblo capital”
2005

Tuesday, April 19, 2005

AIA VISITING LECTURER

Prof. Shelley Wachsmann, Nautical Archaeology Program Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M College Station

Some went down to the Sea in Ships (Psalms 107:23): Mediterranean Seafaring in the Bronze Age (3000-1200 B.C.)

2004

Monday, February 23, 2004
Bill Hammond
Prehistoric Denver: In Praise of Hunter-Gatherers

Abstract:

Euroamericans have lived in the Denver area for the past 150 years or so. However, the area was occupied by humans for 11,000 years or more before that. Thus the history of the area is far longer and more complex than most of us usually realize. During the long prehistoric era, the Hogback Valley west of Denver, between the Dakota ridge and the foothills of the Front Range, was by far the most densly inhabited part of the region. During this time the Native American inhabitants were huntr-gatherers rather than agriculturalists (let alone city dwellers). In 1973 the Denver Chapter began an intensive program of archaeological survey and excavation in the Hogback Valley, on the Ken-Caryl Ranch. Dr. Hammond will give an overview and update of the work and a perspective on the hunter-gatherer lifestyle.

Bio:

Dr. Bill Hammond is an Emeritus Professor of Pathology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He has taught and practiced there and at the Denver VA hospital for almost 40 years. He was Chief Medical Officer at the VA from 1979 to 1983, and President of the Faculty at the Medical School in 1984. He has won numerous teaching awards and is an author of over 40 articles in the medical literature. Dr. Hammond joined the Colorado Archaeological Society in 1979, and has been active in its Denver Chapter ever since. He has been President, Treasurer and a member of its Board of Directors. He has been active in its scientific activities since joining the Chapter, primarily its excavations on the Ken-Caryl Ranch. From 1991 to the present he has been co-principal investigator of the Denver Chapter’s excavation at Swallow Site on the Ranch. He is currently working on artifact analysis and writing the report on Swallow Site, and is Vice-President and Program Chairman for the Chapter. He represents the archaeology community on the Board of Directors of the Colorado Historical Society.

Tuesday, March 30, 2004 AIA VISITING LECTURER
Stephen Dyson: Looking at Ancient Pompeii

Abstract:

Pompeii because of the nature of its destruction is often treated as a special, even unique archaeological site. Emphasis is often placed on a limited range of finds made there. However, Pompeii was a very typical medium sized Roman community. Such small towns were the background of the Roman system and their success explains how Rome survived so long.
This lecture will look at Pompeii as a working community. After a short introduction on the history of Pompeii and the history of excavation, I will ‘walk’ the audience through the site in the manner of an ancient Roman, looking at the ways in which the archaeological record provides insight into social, economic and political activity. The lecture will provide both an overview of the site and an understanding of its place in Roman community history.

2003

Monday, September 15, 2003
Carol Patterson: Form Follows Function: The depiction of ancestry, power and ceremony through gesture in Hawaiian Petroglyphs

Abstract:

This presentation examines the gestures, postures and proxemic arrangements of anthropomorphic figures found in Hawaiian petroglyphs and demonstrates the way in which they find parallels the Hawaiian social structure. Sites can be grouped in three categories that are consistent with Hawaiian religious beliefs, class and ranking systems, and family kinship structures. Variations in “style” are more likely to be deliberate forms that functioned in a broader communication system, rather than the result of a stylistic evolution of form.

Monday, October 13, 2003
JOINT LECTURE WITH CAS (Colorado Archaeological Society)
Adrienne Mayor: The Monster of Troy: Fossil Discoveries in Ancient Greece

Tuesday, November 11, 2003
AIA VISITING LECTURER:
John K. Papadopoulos:
Shameless Potters and Ravagers of Kilns: Athenian Pots & Topography

Abstract:

Athenian black- and red-figure pottery of the Archaic and Classical periods have enjoyed a prominent place in the history of 18th through 20th century scholarship in classical archaeology. This lecture goes beyond the pots, the scenes depicted on them, and the changing attitudes towards their interpretation, in order to focus on the makers: the potters themselves. This lecture attempts to understand who they were, how and where they worked. Many clues are offered by the scenes on the pottery itself, and this is supplemented by a re-examination of the archaeological and literary evidence. New discoveries in central Athens, however, including much unpublished material from the American excavations in the Athenian Agora, add significantly to our knowledge, particularly for the location of the Potters’ Quarter (Kerameikos) and the identity of some of the potters, both in terms of their ethnicity and gender. In reviewing this evidence, some radical revisions are suggested for the topography of early Athens.

Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):

J.K. Papadopoulos, Ceramicus Redivivus: The Early Iron Age Potters’ Field in the Area of the Classical Athenian Agora (Hesperia Supplement 31) (Princeton 2003)

J. Camp, The Athenian Agora: Excavations in the Heart of Classical Athens (London 1986)

CV for John Papadopoulos

John K. Papadopoulos (Professor; Doctor)

Department of Classics and the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

University of California, Los Angeles, Fowler A210

Los Angeles, CA 90077

(E-Mail) JKP@humnet.ucla.edu

Education: BA (Honors), MA (Honors), PhD (Archaeology): University of Sydney
Honors and awards: Max Le Petit Memorial Prize for Classical Archaeology (1978); James R. Stewart Prize for Near Eastern Archaeology (1979); Fellow of the Athens Archaeological Society (1992)
Past positions: Deputy Director, Australian Archaeological Institute at Athens (1987-1991)
Assistant Professor, Classical Archaeology, University of Sydney (1991-1993)
Associate Curator of Antiquities, the J. Paul Getty Museum (1994-2001)
Professor, Department of Classics & Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA (2002-present)
Areas of specialization: Classical Archaeology & Aegean Prehistory; Archaeology of Colonialism
Fieldwork: Has excavated widely in Australia (Aboriginal & historic sites), as well as Greece & South Italy. Served as Field Director of the Torone Excavations in northern Greece, as well the geophysical & underwater surveys of the site (1986-1995).
Main publications: Torone I: The Excavations of 1975, 1976, and 1978 (with A. Cambitoglou & O. Tudor Jones) (2001); The Archaeology of Colonialism (co-edited with C.L. Lyons); Ceramicus Redivivus (Hesperia Supplement 31) (2003); Theory & Practice in Mediterranean Archaeology: Old World & New World Perspectives (co-edited with R.M. Leventhal) (2003); The Extramural Sanctuary of Sybaris at Francavilla Marittima Recovered: The Archaic Votive Metal Objects (2003); The Early Iron Age Cemetery at Torone (forthcoming); The Athenian Agora: The Early Iron Age (2 volumes; forthcoming); author of over 50 scholarly articles and some 20 book reviews.

Monday, December 15, 2003

Catherine Gaither: Sacrificial Foundations in Andean Prehistory

Abstract:

This presentation will focus on the behavior of human sacrifice in the Andean region. The practice of child sacrifice among the Inca will be briefly discussed and then the talk will focus on the practice of human sacrifice among the Moche (AD 200 – 800) of the north coast of Peru. Specifically, the sacrifice victims found at the site of Huaca de la Luna will be discussed with regard to the significance this behavior may have had within the Moche culture.

Monday, January 13, 2003
Sarah Nelson
Do Jade and Pigs Create Complex Society? The Hongshan Culture in Northeast China in Perspective
Abstract:

The Hongshan Culture is an anomaly among the early jades cultures (4500-3000 BC) in China. Not only is it the earliest culture of the “Jade Age” in China, but also the Goddess Temple with lifesized statues made of unbaked clay, the finely-carved pendants and other ornaments in the burials, and the ceremonial structures all set Hongshan apart. This talk explores the questions of how it came to be in northeastern China, and what kind of socio-economic structure might have supported these developments.

Monday, February 17, 2003
Andrew Gulliford
Preserving Sacred Indian Landscapes

Bio:

Andrew Gulliford has researched Native American sacred objects and sacred places throughout the West, Alaska, and Hawai’i. A graduate of Colorado College (B.A., M.A.T.) and Bowling Green State University in Ohio (Ph.D.), he is a professor of Southwest Studies and History and Director of the Center of Southwest Studies at Fort Lewis College in Durango, Colorado. Previously he directed the Public History and Historic Preservation Program at Middle Tennessee State University near Nashville. His photographs of American Indian sacred sites have been published in Norenewable Resources (1994), The Secretary of the Interior’s Report to Congress: Federal Archaeological Programs and Activities, 1993 (1993), and Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, Report to Congress and the President, 1993 (1993). His previous books include Boomtown Blues: Colorado Oil Shale, 1885-1985 (1989) and America’s County Schools (1984, 1996), both published by the University Press of Colorado.
Formerly the director of the Western New Mexico University Museum in Silver City, New Mexico, Gulliford curated one of the largest prehistoric Mimbres pottery collections. He has worked with the Ute to document, preserve, and protect the Ute Trail on Colorado’s Western Slope, and he now works with the Eastern Shoshone in Wyoming on museum and preservation planning. For the American Association of Museums he reviews tribal museums and historic sites with Indian collections, and for the Smithsonian Associates program, he has led tours on the Columbia and Snake Rivers in Washington and Oregon and on the Lewis and Clark Trail by canoe and horseback in Montana and Idaho.
He has received a Take Pride in American National Award from the secretary of agriculture for “outstanding contributions to America’s natural and cultural resources”; the National Volunteer Award from the chief of the United States Forest Service; the Second Annual James Marston Fitch Mid-Career Award for Historic Preservation; and the Award of Merit from the American Association for State and Local History.
In summers, he backpacks, hikes, and canoes the West with his wife and two sons.

Monday March 3, 2003
AIA VISITING LECTURER
C. Brian Rose
Recent Greek and Roman Excavations at Troy, Turkey

Abstract:

In 1988 archaeologists from the University of Cincinnati and the University of Tubingen, Germany, began new excavations at Troy with the intent of examining all phases of habitation – from the Bronze Age through the Byzantine period. This lecture presents the results of the most recent Bronze Age, Greek, and Roman excavations at the site. Work has concentrated primarily on the theater, temple of Athena, the Bouleuterion or Council House, and the Sactuary of the Samothracian Gods. The Bronze Age fortifications and Roman houses in the Lower City have also been extensively investigated. Excavation thus far has clarified the rise in the city’s fortunes after Alexander the Great, its reconstruction by Augustus and his Julio-Claudian successors, and the manipulation of its legendary heritage. Also included in the lecture is a discussion of several new monumental tombs recently discovered near Troy, which contain gold jewelry, musical instruments, and painted marble sarcophagi.

Monday, March 8, 2003
JOINT LECTURE WITH CAS (Colorado Archaeological Society)
Steve Lekson: New Thoughts on the Ancient Southwest

Abstract:

Southwestern archaeology is often presented as a statistical correlation of ancient peoples and past climates: sprinkle enough rain on the right soil, and up pop Pueblos. While most of the Southwest is, in fact, a desert, and climatic reconstructions are critical to understanding the past, ancient societies overcame environmental limitations to develop polities and civilizations. It is possible to write an archaeological “history of the ancient Southwest” which goes beyond climate and crops to explore events, catastrophes, rises and falls, war and peace, heroes and villains. This presentation illustrates some of the dramatic incidents in Southwestern prehistory, and links them in a historical narrative.

Monday, April 21, 2003
Larry Conyers
Ground-penetrating Radar for Archaeological Exploration

Tuesday, April 29, 2003
Jo Anne Van Tilburg
Among Stone Giants: The Life of Katherine Routledge and Her Remarkable Expedition to Easter Island

Abstract:

The world’s leading authority on the stone statues of Easter Island, Jo Anne Van Tilburg delivers a thrilling true-life tale of breathtaking adventure and legendary exploration.
Van Tilburg, a distinguished archaeologist in her own right, draws on nearly two decades of experience in the South Pacific, historical archives, and Katherine Routledge’s own previously untapped journals and field notes to give us a fascinating biography of the first female archaeologist to excavated these world-famous monoliths. Written with the full cooperation of the Royal Geographical Society and the British Museum, this fascinating book transports readers to the South Pacific island of Rapa Nui (meaning “land’s end”). There Routledge and her husband, co-leaders of the Mana Expedition of 1913, encountered a population recovering from near-extinction. “Mana” is the Polynesian name for “spiritual power,” and Routledge, a Quaker overcome by the mysticism of the island and later diagnosed with schizophrenia, was deeply drawn to the customs and beliefs of these remarkable people. Routledge’s pioneering work preserved the faith and traditions of this prehistoric isle and laid the groundwork for modern archaeology. “Among Stone Giants” is an awe-inspiring testament to human courage, spirit, and achievement.

Bio:

Dr. Jo Anne Van Tilburg is currently a research associate of the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA, director of UCLA’s Rock Art Archive, director of the Easter Island Statue Project, and Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. She is also a lecturer for the Archaeological Institute of America and the British Museum. The author of three previous books, she lives in Malibu.

2002

Tuesday, September 24, 2002
Steve Cassells
Hunting the High Country: Prehistoric Game Driving in the Colorado Front Range

Tuesday, October 15, 2002
AIA VISITING LECTURER
Michael Vickers
Stones in Venice: recycled marble from Constantinople and Athens

Abstract:

Venice was built on a mud flat in the Lagoon: all the building materials-timber, bricks, stone and marble had to be imported from elsewhere. It is usually impossible to say precisely where the marble comes from beyond identifying the original quarries. Exotic marbles in Venice were rarely newly quarried, however, but were recycled from earlier buildings whose ruins were to be found in the lands of the eastern Mediterranean that the Venetians controlled. Fragments of Proconnesian marble in a and around the basilica of San Marco (notably the lily capitals on the façade, and the so-called Pilastri Acritani) come from the Constantinopolitan church of St Polyeuktos, excavated in the 1960s under the auspices of Dumbarton Oaks. A monument at the Arsenal for Francesco Morosini, under whose command a “chance shot” hit the Parthenon with unfortunate results, probably incorporates reworked fragments of that building. The imagery of the Morosini monument is comparable with that of the Parthenon’s west pediment.

Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):

J. Binder, “The West Pediment of the Parthenon: Poseidon,” Studies Presented to Sterling Dow on his Eightieth Birthday (Durham, NC, 1984) 15-22.

R.M. Harrison, A Temple for Byzantium: the discovery and excavation of Anicia Juliana’s palace-church in Istanbul (Austin, Texas 1989).

C. Renfrew and J. Springer Peacy, “Aegean marble: a petrological study”, Annual of the British School at Athens 63 (1968) 45-66.

M. Vickers, “Wandering stones: Venice, Constantinople and Athens”, in K.-L. Selig and E. Sears (eds.), The Verbal and the Visual: Essays in Honor of William S. Heckscher (New York, Italica Press, 1990), 225-242.
Tuesday, November 19, 2002
Christopher Beekman
From core-periphery networks to local agents-Scales of analysis in West Mexican archaeology

Tuesday, December 10, 2002
Martin C J Miller
The Pagan Origins of Christian Iconography

Monday, January 14, 2002
Astrid Olgivie
Sagas, Sea Ice and Sediments: Climatic Clues from the Viking Age

Tuesday, February 19, 2002
J. McKim Malville: Megaliths, Neolithic Astronomy and Emerging Cultural Complexity in Southern Egypt

Monday March 11, 2002
Doug Bamforth: The Allen site and changing views of Paleoindians on the Plains

Monday March 25, 2002
AIA VISITING LECTURER
Prof. João Zilhão (University of Lisbon)
The Early Upper Paleolithic Burial of the Lagar Velho Child and Implications for Admixture Between Neanderthals and Modern Humans

Monday, May 13, 2002
J. Hoffecker
The Ecology of the Neanderthals and the Transition to Modern Humans: An East European Perspective

2001

Monday, January 8, 2001
Dr. Carol Patterson (MSCD)
On the trail of the Spider Woman

Tuesday, February, 20, 2001
Dr. Paolo Visona (Mamertion Foundation)
The 1998 – 2000 Field Seasons at Contrada Mella

Monday, March 12, 2001
Mark Mitchell (US Forest Service)
Sopris phase Ceramics of southeast Colorado

Tuesday, April 17, 2001
Dr. David Anthony (Hartwick College)
Prehistoric Origins of Indo European Languages

Monday, May 21, 2001
Dr. Jonathan Kent
Herders, Traders and Petroglyphs in the Northern Peruvian Andes

Monday, September 10, 2001
Payson Sheets
Following the Footsteps of the Ancients; Remote Sensing in Costa Rica

Monday, October 15, 2001
AIA VISITING LECTURER

E. Hector Williams
Goddesses, Whores, Vampires, and Gladiators: Excavating Ancient Mytilene (Lesbos)

Monday, November 19, 2001
James Dixon: Archaeological Evidence for the 1st Human Colonization of North America

Tuesday, December 11, 2001
Richard Marlar: Cannibalism in the Four-Corners Region

Question of Cannibalism of the Anasazi

Evidence from the Cowboy Wash Site (5MT10010)

Abstract

The existence of cannibalism is one of the most controversial issues in the archaeology of the American Southwest. Disarticulated, cut-marked, and heat-altered human remains from non-burial contexts at Anasazi archaeological sites in the Four Corners region of the American Southwest have been interpreted by some scholars as evidence of cannibalism. Osteological studies indicate that many of the disarticulated bodies found at these sites were processed in a manner consistent with food preparation. Opponents of this interpretation point out that non-cannibalistic practices such as secondary interment, corpse mutilation, and ritualized witch executions might account for the assemblages. The archaeological and osteological evidence alone do not document the actual ingestion of human flesh. In this talk I will present evidence that consumption of human flesh did occur as demonstrated in preserved human fecal material containing identifiable human tissue remains from a site with archaeological and osteological evidence of cannibalism. Other sites with similar archaeological and osteological characteristics have human tissue on in situ artifacts. Possible explanations of the cause of these incidences of cannibalism will be addressed.

Biography

Richard Marlar is currently a Professor of Pathology, and Biochemistry and Genetics at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Currently his biomedical research work deals with the genetics of blood coagulation and evolution of the blood coagulation system. Richard has been conducting biological and biomedical research for over 30 years. He has over 110 published papers and book chapters and presented both nationally and internationally over 100 lectures in the fields of biochemistry, genetics and clinical blood coagulation.
He is also director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Research Laboratory. This laboratory focuses on the development of new molecular methods to address archaeological questions such as utilization of tools and food sources using both protein residue analysis and molecular biology and DNA methods. He has been conducting biomolecular archaeology research for the last 9 years. He has published a number of papers and project reports in this field. Richard has been involved with the Colorado Archaeological Society for the last 12 years. He was president of the Denver Chapter of CAS for almost two years and president of state CAS in 1998. He is on the Board of Directors of the Colorado Historical Society.

2000

Monday, November 13, 2000
Dr. Monica Visona
Archaeology along the Niger River

Tuesday, December 19, 2000
Dr. Dean Saitta
Archaeology of the Colorado Coalfield War

1908-1917

COMING SOON!

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